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Table 6 Logistic regression of nutritional status (BMI) and predictors among women on ART, Humera Hospital, Western Tigray, August 2012, (n = 376)

From: Undernutrition among HIV positive women in Humera hospital, Tigray, Ethiopia, 2013: antiretroviral therapy alone is not enough, cross sectional study

Predictors    Malnutrition     COR (95%CI) AOR (95%CI)
  Yes No Total   
ART in month      
≤ 3 14 13 27 1.19 (.54,2.61)  
3-6 7 5 12 1.55 (.48,4.97)
≥ 6 160 177 337 1
Chronic diarrhea      
Yes 133 138 271 1.14 (.73,1.79)  
No 48 57 105 1
Tuberculosis      
Yes 50 48 98 1.17 (.74,1.85)  
No 131 147 278 1
CD4 level      
< 200 cells/μl 39 29 68 1.54 (.88,2.66)  
200-350 cells/μl 43 53 96 0.93 (.57,1.50)
> 350 cells/μl 99 113 212 1
DDS      
Adequate (≥4) 61 115 176 120 80 200 1 1
Inadequate (<4)        2.83 (1.86,4.30) 1.19 (1.08,1.75)*
Nutritional support         
Yes 90 57 147 1 1
No 91 138 229 0.42 (.27,.67) 0.34 (.22,.54)* *
HFSS (0-9)      
Secured 98 126 224 1 1
Insecure 83 69 152 1.55 (1.02,2.34) 1.85 (1.16,2.86)* *
Hgb      
Normal (≥12 g/dl) 51 75 126 1 1
Anemic (<12 g/dl) 130 120 250 1.59 (1.03,2.46) 1.67 (1.05,2.65)*
  1. DDS = Dietary diversity score, *p < 0.05 (2-tailed), * *p < 0.001(2-tailed), HFSS = household food security status and Hgb = hemoglobin.
  2. N.B: Hosmer and lemeshow test was at p = 0.99.
  3. Stepwise (Backward LR) was used in logistic regression.