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Table 1 Background characteristics of the study population and selected independent variables

From: Prelacteal feeding practices in Vietnam: challenges and associated factors

Background characteristics Percent Selected independent variables Percent
Maternal age (years) 27.3 ± 5.5* Mode of delivery  
15–24 38.0 Vaginal delivery 37.4
25–29 34.3 Vaginal delivery + episiotomy 41.3
30–34 16.8 C-section 21.3
35–51 11.0 Brought infant formula to delivery room 21.3
Maternal education   Experienced breastfeeding problems 10.6
Primary school or less 11.4 Received breastfeeding support from a family member  
Secondary school 48.2 During pregnancy 31.8
High school 24.5 During first 3 days after delivery 31.9
College or higher 15.9 Received breastfeeding support from a health care provider  
Female child 48.0 During pregnancy 44.1
Rural area of residence 83.3 During first 3 days after delivery 31.6
SES in quartiles 25.0 Exposure to infant feeding messages on TV in past 30 days  
   Saw only breastfeeding information 2.6
   Saw only infant formula advertising 36.5
   Saw both infant formula and breastfeeding advertising 43.3
   Saw neither message 17.6
  1. *Mean ± SD.