Skip to main content

Table 2 Participant and descriptive data classified by maternal awareness of child’s physical activity level (n = 478)

From: Maternal awareness of young children’s physical activity: levels and cross-sectional correlates of overestimation

  Realistic inactive Under-estimators Realistic active Over-estimators
Child characteristics     
Number of participants (Female) 20 (16) 20 (10) 263 (129) 175 (97)
Age (years) 4.1 ± 0.1 4.1 ± 0.1 4.1 ± 0.1 4.1 ± 0.1
BMI (kgm-2) 16.6 ± 1.8 15.9 ± 2.0 15.9 ± 1.3 16.0 ± 1.3
BMI z-score 0.56 ± 1.1 0.02 ± 1.3 0.08 ± 0.93 0.14 ± 0.98
Has an older sibling living at home 9 (45) 9 (45) 137 (52) 69 (39)
Has a younger sibling living at home 10 (50) 13 (65) 109 (41) 79 (45)
Attends nursery     
Full-time 2 (10) 0 (0) 14 (5) 20 (11)
Part-time 18 (90) 20 (100) 246 (95) 152 (89)
Maternal characteristics     
Age (years) 34.8 ± 3.1 34.3 ± 3.5 35.3 ± 3.6 35.2 ± 2.7
BMI (kgm-2) 26.3 ± 5.8 27.7 ± 7.5 26.5 ± 5.2 26.5 ± 5.7
Age leaving full-time education (years)     
≥16 years 3 (15) 8 (40) 86 (33) 52 (30)
17-18 years 5 (25) 6 (30) 87 (33) 71 (41)
>18 years 12 (60) 6 (30) 84 (32) 51 (29)
Physical activity level     
Inactive 3 (15) 4 (20) 43 (16) 31 (18)
Moderately inactive 8 (40) 10 (50) 106 (40) 69 (39)
Moderately active 7 (35) 2 (10) 52 (20) 44 (25)
Active 2 (10) 4 (20) 56 (21) 25 (14)
Maternal perception    
Child is outgoing     
Strongly/disagree/neither 10 (50) 11 (55) 63 (25) 46 (27)
Strongly/agree 10 (50) 9 (45) 191 (75) 124 (73)
Child is restless     
Strongly/disagree/neither 14 (70) 9 (45) 138 (54) 100 (59)
Strongly/agree 6 (30) 11 (55) 117 (46) 70 (41)
Child is well behaved     
Strongly/disagree/neither 4 (20) 6 (30) 69 (27) 30 (18)
Strongly/agree 16 (80) 14 (70) 185 (73) 140 (82)
Child enjoys PA     
Disagree/neither 17 (85) 16 (80) 85 (32) 62 (35)
Strongly/agree 3 (15) 4 (20) 178 (68) 113 (65)
PA is important     
Disagree/neither 9 (45) 12 (60) 78 (30) 49 (28)
Strongly/agree 11 (55) 8 (40) 184 (70) 124 (72)
Physical activity is limited because:     
Child is not interested in physical activity     
Never 3 (15) 4 (20) 125 (49) 85 (49)
Rarely/sometimes/often/very often 17 (85) 16 (80) 129 (51) 90 (51)
Child doesn’t have the skills     
Never 10 (50) 10 (50) 186 (73) 110 (63)
Rarely/sometimes/often/very often 10 (50) 10 (50) 69 (27) 65 (37)
  1. Values are n (%) or mean ± SD unless stated otherwise; † Variables dichotomised; SD, standard deviation; BMI, Body Mass Index; PA, Physical Activity.