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Table 4 Impact of the intervention on prevalence of morbidity and hospitalizations

From: A study to evaluate the acceptability, feasibility and impact of packaged interventions (“Diarrhea Pack”) for prevention and treatment of childhood diarrhea in rural Pakistan

  Overall Round 1 Round 2 Round 3 Round 4
  Intervention Control Intervention Control Intervention Control Intervention Control Intervention Control
n = 9581 n = 8663 n = 2675 n = 1744 n = 2368 n = 1976 n = 2581 n = 2527 n = 1957 n = 2416
Diarrheal prevalence (last 2 weeks) 7.6 (5.9, 9.3) 8.2 (7.8, 8.6) 11.1 (8.5 ,13.8) 7.5 (5.9 ,9.1) 7.1 (5.9 ,8.3) 7.3 (6.8 ,7.8) 7.3 (6.1 ,8.5) 10.1 (7.2 ,13.1) 4.8 (3.7 ,5.9) 8 (5.7 ,10.4)
Relative Risk – Diarrheal prevalence (last 2 weeks) Ref. 1.11 (1.05, 1.17) Ref. 0.75 (0.60, 0.93) Ref. 1.02 (0.91, 1.14) Ref. 1.25 (0.97, 1.61) Ref. 1.55 (1.24, 1.95)
ICC- Diarrheal prevalence −0.03 (−0.06 , 0.97) 0.53 (−0.1 , 1) −0.27 (−0.33 , 0.97) 0.3 (−0.21 , 1) 0.52 (−0.11 , 1)
Children having current diarrhea 22.1 (8.8 , 35.4) 59.3 (48.5 , 70.2) 39.5 (25.6 , 53.4) 66.5 (61.2 ,71.8) 21.5 (4.3 , 38.7) 65.3 (52 , 78.5) 11.3 (0.9 , 21.6) 54.8 (38.7 , 70.8) 16.3 (0.6 , 31.9) 50.8 (41.7 , 59.8)
Associated Symptoms (Yes) 51.9 (22.4 , 81.3) 64.6 (37 , 92.1) 51.5 (32.9 , 70.1) 65.5 (38.9 ,92.1) 54 (27.8 , 80.2) 63 (38.9 , 87.1) 53.5 (20.9 , 86.1) 64.5 (38.4 , 90.6) 48.5 (15 , 82) 65.3 (38.3 , 92.2)
Hospitalization 2.3 (1.6 , 2.9) 4.2 (1.9 , 6.4) 3.3 (1.5 , 5) 5 (1.7 , 8.3) 1 (0.2 , 1.8) 3.5 (1.1 , 5.9) 3.5 (2.5 , 4.5) 4 (1.2 , 6.8) 1.3 (0.3 , 2.2) 4.3 (0.8 , 7.7)