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Table 1 Sample characteristics

From: Exploration of pathways related to the decline in female circumcision in Egypt

  (1) Analytical sample (N = 17,579) (2) Sub-sample linked to mother’s childhood location (N = 9,883)
  Mean SD Mean SD
Daughter characteristics     
Age 12.65 3.04 12.69 3.04
Circumcised 0.49 0.50 0.51 0.50
Age at circumcision if circumcised 9.25 7.51 9.30 7.63
First born 0.24 0.43 0.24 0.43
Second born 0.23 0.42 0.23 0.42
Third born 0.19 0.39 0.18 0.39
Fourth born & higher 0.33 0.47 0.35 0.48
Mother characteristics     
Year of birth 1968 5.57 1968 5.58
Circumcised 0.96 0.19 0.98 0.14
Age at first marriage 18.67 3.93 18.50 3.87
Age difference with husband 12.45 7.18 12.39 7.07
Number of Children 4.95 2.10 5.02 2.12
Muslim 0.95 0.22 0.95 0.21
Household characteristics     
Household size: 2 to 4 0.08 0.27 0.07 0.26
Household size: 5 to 7 0.62 0.49 0.62 0.49
Household size: 8 to 10 0.22 0.41 0.22 0.42
Household size: 11+ 0.09 0.29 0.09 0.29
Geographic location     
Urban 0.39 0.49 0.32 0.47
Urban governorates 0.15 0.35 0.12 0.32
Lower Egypt urban 0.09 0.28 0.09 0.28
Lower Egypt rural 0.23 0.42 0.27 0.45
Upper Egypt urban 0.13 0.33 0.11 0.32
Upper Egypt rural 0.35 0.48 0.41 0.49
Frontier governorates 0.06 0.23 0.00  
Socioeconomic Status     
Wealth quintile 1 0.26 0.44 0.28 0.45
Wealth quintile 2 0.20 0.40 0.22 0.42
Wealth quintile 3 0.19 0.39 0.19 0.39
Wealth quintile 4 0.17 0.38 0.16 0.36
Wealth quintile 5 0.18 0.38 0.15 0.36
Mother works 0.23 0.42 0.23 0.42
Mother less than primary 0.57 0.50 0.59 0.49
Mother completed primary 0.13 0.33 0.12 0.33
Mother completed secondary or more 0.30 0.46 0.29 0.45
Father less than primary 0.44 0.50 0.47 0.50
Father completed primary 0.16 0.37 0.16 0.37
Father completed secondary or more 0.40 0.49 0.37 0.48
Anti-FGC Messaging     
Exposed to 1 or more messages 0.77 0.42 0.76 0.43
Empowerment Indexes     
PCA of household decisions [Rng −3.5–1.3] 0.06 1.44 0.08 1.42
PCA of Anti-domestic violence [Rng −1.8–3.0] 0.05 1.76 0.09 1.77
Observations from 2005 Wave 9784   4503  
Observations from 2008 Wave 7795   5380