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Table 1 Inclusion/Exclusion of results-based financing mechanisms

From: Exploring the potential for using results-based financing to address non-communicable diseases in low- and middle-income countries

Mechanism Definition Inclusion/Exclusion criteria
Output-Based Aid (OBA) A results-based mechanism that is used to deliver basic infrastructure and social services to the poor Excluded for use predominantly outside of the health sector
Cash on Delivery (COD) A mechanism that gives recipients full responsibility and authority over funds paid in proportion to verified measures of progress toward a single specific outcome Excluded for political difficulty in agent having complete control
Performance-Based Financing (PBF) Fee-for-service paid to providers conditional on specific predefined indicators for degree and/or quality Included for use in health sector and political feasibility
Performance-Based Contracting (PBC) A fixed price for an output or outcome with a variable increase/decrease in payment based on performance, typically applied to NGOs Included for use in health sector and political feasibility
Conditional Cash Transfers (CCTs) A demand-side mechanism that provides incentives directly to program beneficiaries Included for use in health sector and political feasibility
  1. Source: World Bank [19], CGD [20].