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Table 2 Percentage of respondents who consumed these food groups the previous day, the mean dietary diversity score and the food groups consumed by more than 50% of the respondents, for the total study population and per settlement and sex

From: Dietary diversity of formal and informal residents in Johannesburg, South Africa

  Total group Settlement Sex
Informal Formal Male Female
N 487 195 292 210 274
  % [95% CI] % [95% CI] % [95% CI] % [95% CI] % [95% CI]
Cereals, roots and tubers 99.6 [98.4; 99.9] 99.5 [96.8; 99.9] 99.7 [97.8; 99.9] 99.0 [96.3; 99.9] 100.0 [98.3; 100]
Vitamin A-rich fruit & vegetables 28.2 [24.3; 32.2] 23.6 [18.1; 30.0] 31.2 [26.1; 36.7] 26.0 [20.2; 32.0] 29.7 [24.4; 35.2]
Vegetables other than vitamin A-rich 59.3 [54.7; 63.4] 43.5 [36.8; 50.6] 69.8 [64.3; 74.8] 58.5 [51.8; 65.0] 60.6 [54.6; 66.1]
Fruit other than vitamin A-rich 19.4 [16.0; 23.0] 12.6 [8.3; 17.7] 24.0 [19.4; 29.2] 17.9 [13.0; 23.3] 20.4 [16.0; 25.6]
Meat/poultry/fish 72.1 [67.9; 75.8] 50.8 [43.8; 57.7] 86.2 [81.8; 89.8] 72.9 [66.4; 78.4] 72.2 [66.6; 77.2]
Eggs 26.7 [22.9; 30.8] 16.2 [11.8; 22.2] 33.7 [28.4; 39.1] 28.5 [22.8; 35.0] 25.7 [20.7; 31.0]
Legumes 9.7 [7.3; 12.6] 11.0 [7.0; 15.9] 8.8 [6.1; 12.7] 7.4 [4.2; 11.5] 11.5 [8.0; 15.6]
Dairy products 33.0 [28.8; 37.1] 19.4 [14.5; 25.6] 42.0 [36.6; 47.8] 28.2 [22.4; 34.5] 36.7 [31.0; 42.3]
Fats/oils 65.8 [61.6; 70.0] 41.4 [34.8; 48.5] 82.0 [77.0; 85.8] 65.2 [58.5; 71.3] 66.7 [61.0; 72.1]
Dietary diversity score (DDS)      
   Mean 4.1 3.2 4.8 4.0 4.2
   [95% CI] [4.0; 4.3] [3.0; 3.4] [4.6; 5.0] [3.8; 4.3] [4.0; 4.4]
Percentage DDS <4 36.8 [32.5; 41.2] 68.1 [61.1; 74.2] 15.4 [11.6; 20.1] 37.8 [31.3; 44.6] 35.7 [30.1; 41.6]
Food groups consumed by more than 50% of the respondents Cereals Cereals Cereals Cereals Cereals
Vegetables* Meat, poultry, fish Vegetables* Vegetables* Vegetables*
Meat, poultry, fish   Meat, poultry, fish Meat, poultry, fish Meat, poultry, fish
Fats and oils   Fats and oils Fats and oils Fats and oils
  1. All values are given as a percentage and [95% CI], except for the dietary diversity score.
  2. The sex was missing for 3 respondents.
  3. DDS values missing for 17 respondents because of incomplete data for the nine food groups.
  4. Mean DDS ANOVA: informal versus formal p < 0.001.
  5. Males versus females p = 0.229.
  6. Percentage DDS <4 chi-square: informal versus formal p < 0.001.
  7. Males versus females p = 0.641.
  8. * other than vitamin A-rich.