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Table 3 Factors associated with HIV test uptake using multilevel model

From: HIV and hepatitis C virus test uptake at methadone clinics in Southern China: opportunities for expanding detection of bloodborne infections

Parameters Estimate(s.e.) Odds ratio (95% confidence interval) P
Null model    
Random    
Level 2    
σ μ O 2 4.227(0.947)   <0.001
Model with explanatory variables    
Random    
Level 2    
σ μ O 2 3.720(0.854)   <0.001
Fixed    
Age    
<30 years old - 1  
30-39 years old 0.229(0.062) 1.26(1.11,1.42) <0.001
40-49 years old 0.490(0.087) 1.63(1.38,1.94) <0.001
>50 years old 0.401(0.231) 1.49(0.95,2.35) 0.082
Sex    
Male - 1 0.007
Female 0.305(0.114) 1.36(1.08, 1.70)  
Ever injected drugs    
Yes - 1 0.037
No 0.147(0.070) 1.16(1.01, 1.33)  
Clinic healthcare personnel* 0.439(0.178) 1.55(1.09, 2.20) 0.013
  1. *: Healthcare personnel are defined as the total number of physicians and nurses at the clinic.