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Table 8 Age-adjusted percentage of men and women having hypercholesterolemia by education, gender, ethnicity and location

From: Cardiovascular disease risk factors and socioeconomic variables in a nation undergoing epidemiologic transition

Age/Ethnicity/ Men Women
Location/Region University Technical Secondary Primary None University Technical Secondary Primary None
30 – 39 74 (0.001) 70 (0.001) 69 (0.001) 57 (0.001) 29 (0.001) 57 (0.001) 36 (0.05) 61 (0.001) 54 (0.001) 51 (0.001)
40 – 49 72 (0.001) 61 (0.001) 73 (0.001) 65 (0.001) 62 (0.1) 63 (0.001) 67 (0.001) 67 (0.001) 61 (0.001) 57 (0.001)
50 – 59 77 (0.001) 77 (0.001) 72 (0.001) 67 (0.001) 52 (0.001) 76 (0.001) 70 (0.001) 77 (0.001) 76 (0.001) 62 (0.001)
60 – 69 61 (0.001) 67 (0.01) 69 (0.001) 71 (0.001) 54 (0.001) 82 (0.001) 78 (0.01) 74 (0.001) 77 (0.001) 72 (0.001)
≥ 70 38 (0.05) 65 (0.1) 73 (0.001) 70 (0.001) 52 (0.001) 57 (0.05) 60 (0.001) 82 (0.001) 80 (0.001) 70 (0.001)
Malay 38 (0.001) 69 (0.001) 33 (0.001) 36 (0.001) 22 (0.001) 33 (0.001) 16 (0.001) 41 (0.001) 41 (0.001) 55 (0.001)
Chinese 32 (0.001) 23 (0.001) 26 (0.001) 24 (0.001) 15 (0.001) 33 (0.001) 41 (0.001) 39 (0.001) 41 (0.001) 42 (0.001)
Indian 27 (0.001) 34 (0.01) 22 (0.001) 27 (0.001) 17 (0.01) 33 (0.001) 39 (0.05) 34 (0.001) 35 (0.001) 51 (0.001)
Others 34 (0.001) 25 (0.001) 23 (0.001) 20 (0.001) 13 (0.001) 15 (0.01) 14 (0.1) 27 (0.001) 26 (0.001) 33 (0.001)
Urban 36 (0.001) 41 (0.001) 31 (0.001) 32 (0.001) 23 (0.001) 32 (0.001) 24 (0.001) 42 (0.001) 41 (0.001) 52 (0.001)
Rural 39 (0.001) 40 (0.001) 31 (0.001) 32 (0.001) 16 (0.001) 32 (0.001) 15 (0.001) 37 (0.001) 37 (0.001) 43 (0.001)
WPM 71 (0.001) 63 (0.001) 71 (0.001) 64 (0.001) 21 (0.001) 67 (0.001) 60 (0.001) 72 (0.001) 70 (0.001) 65 (0.001)
EPM 71 (0.001) 74 (0.001) 73 (0.001) 70 (0.001) 21 (0.001) 63 (0.001) 56 (0.01) 67 (0.001) 72 (0.001) 67 (0.001)
EM 72 (0.001) 50 (0.001) 69 (0.001) 75 (0.001) 28 (0.001) 64 (0.001) 55 (0.001) 66 (0.001) 74 (0.001) 65 (0.001)
  1. Note: Figures in parentheses refer to p-values.