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Table 6 Age-adjusted percentage of men and women having hypertension by education, gender, ethnicity and location

From: Cardiovascular disease risk factors and socioeconomic variables in a nation undergoing epidemiologic transition

Age/Ethnicity/ Men Women
Location/Region University Technical Secondary Primary None University Technical Secondary Primary None
30 – 39 19 (0.001) 17 (0.05) 24 (0.001) 26 (0.01) 43 (0.1) 8 (0.001) 7 (0.1) 19 (0.001) 20 (0.001) 14 (0.001)
40 – 49 33 (0.001) 43 (0.001) 34 (0.001) 39 (0.001) 46 (0.001) 19 (0.001) 19 (0.05) 33 (0.001) 34 (0.001) 30 (0.001)
50 – 59 46 (0.001) 37 (0.001) 38 (0.001) 47 (0.001) 42 (0.001) 38 (0.001) 25 (0.05) 41 (0.001) 51 (0.001) 46 (0.001)
60 – 69 51 (0.001) 67 (0.05) 56 (0.001) 63 (0.001) 56 (0.001) 40 (0.001) 56 (0.05) 56 (0.001) 62 (0.001) 56 (0.001)
≥ 70 63 (0.001) 65 (0.001) 71 (0.001) 69 (0.001) 69 (0.001) 57 (0.05) 60 (0.1) 59 (0.001) 62 (0.001) 66 (0.001)
Malay 22 (0.001) 34 (0.001) 19 (0.001) 37 (0.001) 19 (0.001) 11 (0.001) 6 (0.05) 20 (0.001) 27 (0.001) 42 (0.001)
Chinese 16 (0.001) 23 (0.001) 21 (0.001) 35 (0.001) 14 (0.001) 12 (0.001) 7 (0.1) 26 (0.001) 35 (0.001) 36 (0.001)
Indian 15 (0.001) 36 (0.05) 18 (0.001) 20 (0.01) 10 (0.1) 8 (0.01) 39 (0.05) 19 (0.001) 32 (0.001) 44 (30.001)
Others 15 (0.01) 20 (0.001) 21 (0.001) 24 (0.001) 20 (0.001) 8 (0.05) 46 (0.1) 16 (0.001) 19 (0.001) 30 (0.001)
Urban 20 (0.001) 24 (0.001) 19 (0.001) 24 (0.001) 19 (0.001) 11 (0.001) 9 (0.001) 20 (0.001) 42 (0.001) 35 (0.001)
Rural 20 (0.001) 22 (0.001) 19 (0.001) 27 (0.001) 19 (0.001) 11 (0.001) 10 (0.001) 21 (0.001) 26 (0.001) 35 (0.001)
WPM 35 (0.001) 32 (0.001) 37 (0.001) 48 (0.001) 19 (0.001) 23 (0.001) 22 (0.001) 35 (0.001) 46 (0.001) 49 (0.001)
EPM 40 (0.001) 40 (0.001) 49 (0.001) 58 (0.001) 26 (0.001) 17 (0.001) 31 (0.05) 36 (0.001) 54 (0.001) 57 (0.001)
EM 49 (0.001) 75 (0.05) 50 (0.001) 57 (0.001) 25 (0.001) 23 (0.001) 15 (0.1) 32 (0.001) 47 (0.001) 40 (0.001)
  1. Note: Figures in parentheses refer to p-values.