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Table 12 Age-adjusted percentage of men and women having hypertension by income level, gender, age, ethnicity and location

From: Cardiovascular disease risk factors and socioeconomic variables in a nation undergoing epidemiologic transition

Age/Ethnicity/ Men Women
Location/Region Low Middle High Low Middle High
30 – 39 20 (0.001) 27 (0.001) 18 (0.01) 20 (0.001) 16 (0.001) 8 (0.01)
40 – 49 38 (0.001) 33 (0.001) 33 (0.001) 35 (0.001) 27 (0.001) 22 (0.001)
50 – 59 39 (0.001) 45 (0.001) 50 (0.001) 57 (0.001) 44 (0.001) 32 (0.001)
60 – 69 60 (0.001) 64 (0.001) 57 (0.001) 57 (0.001) 57 (0.001) 56 (0.001)
≥ 70 68 (0.001) 88 (0.001) 89 (0.1) 66 (0.001) 71 (0.05) 76 (0.001)
Malay 45 (0.001) 37 (0.001) 38 (0.001) 44 (0.001) 33 (0.001) 26 (0.001)
Chinese 50 (0.001) 43 (0.001) 27 (0.001) 43 (0.01) 22 (0.001) 26 (0.001)
Indian 56 (0.05) 32 (0.001) 32 (0.01) 70 (0.05) 35 (0.001) 19 (0.01)
Others 51 (0.001) 53 (0.001) 13 (0.1) 40 (0.001) 41 (0.001) 40 (0.1)
Urban 48 (0.001) 39 (0.001) 39 (0.001) 39 (0.001) 29 (0.001) 25 (0.001)
Rural 49 (0.001) 46 (0.001) 44 (0.001) 44 (0.001) 40 (0.001) 42 (0.001)
WPM 36 (0.001) 37 (0.001) 44 (0.001) 24 (0.001) 30 (0.001) 40 (0.001)
EPM 47 (0.001) 46 (0.001) 55 (0.001) 28 (0.001) 41 (0.001) 49 (0.001)
EM 43 (0.001) 54 (0.001) 57 (0.001) 27 (0.001) 32 (0.001) 42 (0.001)
  1. Figures in parentheses refer to p-value.