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Table 10 Age-adjusted percentage of men and women having CVD risk factors by income level

From: Cardiovascular disease risk factors and socioeconomic variables in a nation undergoing epidemiologic transition

CVD risk factors Men Women
Low Middle High Low Middle High
Hypertension* 52 (0.001) 47 (0.001) 58 (0.001) 51 (0.001) 37 (0.001) 29 (0.001)
Diabetes+ 15 (0.001) 19 (0.001) 22 (0.001) 16 (0.001) 11 (0.001) 9 (0.001)
Hypercholesterolemiaδ 62 (0.001) 73 (0.001) 78 (0.001) 73 (0.001) 73 (0.001) 68 (0.001)
Smokerθ 51 (0.001) 48 (0.001) 55 (0.001) 9 (0.001) 3 (0.001) 5 (0.001)
Overweightψ 21 (0.001) 38 (0.001) 49 (0.001) 35 (0.001) 41 (0.001) 32 (0.001)
  1. Note: Figures in parentheses refer to p-values.
  2. *Mean SBP (Systolic Blood Pressure) ≥ 140 mm Hg or Mean DBP (Diastolic Blood Pressure) ≥ 90 mm Hg or using medication.
  3. +Mean plasma glucose ≥ 126 mg/dL or 7.0 mmol/Lit.
  4. δMean Plasma cholesterol ≥ 5.2 mmol/Lit.
  5. θSmokes at least one cigarette per day.
  6. ψBMI (Body Mass Index) ≥ 25.0.