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Table 1 Anthropometric, clinical and metabolic characteristics in eutrophic and obese children with and without MetS

From: Adiponectin in eutrophic and obese children as a biomarker to predict metabolic syndrome and each of its components

Characteristics Eutrophic Obese   Obese  
  Without MetS With MetS  
n = 196 n = 190   n = 166 n = 24  
Mean ± SD Mean ± SD Pd Mean ± SD Mean ± SD Pe
Age (years) 9.4 ± 1.8 9.6 ± 1.8 0.368 9.6 ± 1.9 9.4 ± 1.4 0.623
Anthropometric measurements
WC (cm) 57.8 ± 4.9 79.0 ± 9.1 <0.001 78.3 ± 9.2 83.5 ± 6.5 0.004
BMI (kg/m2) 16.4 ± 1.3 24.5 ± 2.7 <0.001 24.3 ± 2.8 25.8 ± 2.5 0.009
BMI percentilea 46.1 ± 18.2 97.4 ± 1.3 <0.001 97.2 ± 1.3 98.3 ± 0.9 <0.001
Blood pressure (mm/Hg)
SBP 88.6 ± 7.8 97.8 ± 8.8 <0.001 97.1 ± 8.2 101.3 ± 10.8 0.028
SBP percentileb 17.3 ± 18.2 33.8 ± 22.9 <0.001 32.0 ± 21.1 43.2 ± 30.6 0.037
Diastolic 55.8 ± 7.1 62.2 ± 7.6 <0.001 61.4 ± 7.2 65.9 ± 7.9 0.009
DBP percentileb 37.7 ± 20.9 53.6 ± 21.5 <0.001 51.7 ± 20.5 63.5 ± 22.3 0.021
Metabolic parameters*
Glucose (mg/dL) 90.0 (57.0-14.0) 90.0 (58.0-108.0) 0.794 90.0 (58.0-108.0) 94.0 (54.0-107.0) 0.090
Insulin (mU/mL) 4.3 (1.9-19.5) 9.3 (2.0-68.0) <0.001 9.1 (2.0-55.2) 14.1 (3.8-68.0) <0.001
HOMA-IRc 1.0 (0.3-5.0) 2.0 (0.4-13.9) <0.001 2.0 (0.4-13.9) 3.5 (0.7-11.2) <0.001
TGs (mg/dL) 72.0 (22.5-193.5) 106.5 (30.0-366.0) <0.001 104.0 (30.0-366.0) 166.0 (72.9-255.0) <0.001
HDL-C (mg/dL) 53.0 (21.0-110.0) 44.0 (9.0-82.0) <0.001 45.0 (20.0-82.0) 36.0 (9.0-51.0) <0.001
Inflammatory*
Adiponectin (μg/mL) 14.5 (3.9-38.8) 11.5 (1.4-27.5) <0.001 12.2 (1.4-27.5) 8.4 (4.2-15.3) 0.003
  1. aAccording to CDC 2000.
  2. bAccording to The National High Blood Pressure Education Program.
  3. cHOMA-IR: [(fasting glucose (mg/dL))(fasting insulin (μU/mL))/ 405)].
  4. d t test p value for means or Mann Whitney U test for medians: eutrophic vs. eutrophic obese, eObese without MetS vs. obese with MetS.
  5. *Median (min-max).
  6. MetS, metabolic syndrome; WC, waist circumference; BMI, body mass index; SBP, systolic blood pressure; DBP, diastolic blood pressure; TGs, triglycerides; HDL-C, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol; MetS, metabolic syndrome.