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Table 2 Knowledge of FGM/C among Gambian health care professionals

From: Knowledge, attitudes and practices of female genital mutilation/cutting among health care professionals in The Gambia: a multiethnic study

  Total HCP (%) HCP by ethnic group (%) HCP by sex (%)
   Mandinka Djola Wolof Fula Serer Men Women
Reported answers of Gambian HCP about reasons/justifications given by those in support of FGM/C         
It is a mandatory religious practice 53.8 54.9 43.8 42.6 58.7 60.0 56.3 48.8
It is a deeply rooted cultural practice 48.2 43 43.8 55.3 49.2 80.0 43.7 55.1
It reduces sexual feelings 42.1 41.5 56.3 36.2 47.6 40.0 43.7 38.6
It is a rite of passage for girls into womanhood 34.4 37.8 34.4 36.2 25.4 40.0 39.1 26.8
It is a good practice 23.3 28.7 15.6 19.1 25.4 6.7 26.1 18.9
It helps to maintain their virginity for their husband 13.5 14.1 12.5 8.5 14.3 6.7 12.6 15.7
It reduces the rate of prostitution 11.1 12.7 12.5 8.5 6.3 0.0 14.6 5.5
It does not violate human rights 0.6 0.0 3.1 2.1 0.0 0.0 0.5 0.8
Reported answers of Gambian HCP about consequences on health of FGM/C         
Transmission of infectious diseases 59.1 52.8 67.7 60.4 55.7 73.3 57.6 42.4
Bleeding 53.4 51.2 67.7 45.8 45.9 80.0 54.1 52.8
Health problems 50.9 44.7 38.7 62.5 57.4 66.7 50.5 52.8
Difficulty during delivery 46.3 45.5 51.6 60.4 31.1 53.3 44.4 48.8
Reduction of sexual feelings 25.2 27.2 29.0 12.5 24.6 13.3 27.3 20.8
Affects the health and welfare of women and girls 20.7 19.5 29.0 31.3 16.4 13.3 19.9 22.4
Difficult penetration during sex 4.0 2.4 3.2 12.5 1.6 6.7 4.6 3.2
No consequences 2.1 2.4 0.0 0.0 4.9 0.0 3.1 0.8
Has seen a girl with complications after FGM/C 40.9 33.2 41.5 60.3 39.7 55.0 33.8 51.1
Considers FGM/C to be a mandatory religious practice (a) 38.5 50.3 34.1 8.3 40.3 28.6 40.2 38.1
  1. (a) For Ethnic group Chi-square = 35.88; P-value (0.000).