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Table 3 MLR analyses of cross-sectional associations between stress and behavioural outcomes at T1

From: Associations between psychological stress, eating, physical activity, sedentary behaviours and body weight among women: a longitudinal study

T1 outcomesa   βb Bc (95% CI) P
BMI   0.13 0.28 (0.17, 0.39) <0.0005
   OR (95% CI) P
BMI category     
  Healthy weight (18.5–24.9 kg m-2)    
  Overweight (25.0–29.9 kg m -2 ) 1.06 (1.01,1.11) 0.013
  Obese (BMI 30.0 kg m -2 or more) 1.13 (1.08,1.19) <0.0005
LTPA (per week)     
  Low (≤52 mins)    
  Medium (53 mins-4 hours) 0.93 (0.88,0.99) 0.014
  High (5+ hours) 0.91 (0.86,0.96) <0.0005
Sitting time (per week)     
  Low (≤30 hours)    
  Medium (31–52 hours) 1.01 (0.97,1.06) 0.593
  High (53+ hours) 0.99 (0.95,1.03) 0.622
Television viewing time (per week)     
  Low (≤13 hours)    
  Medium (14–21 hours) 1.02 (0.97,1.07) 0.447
  High (22+ hours) 0.99 (0.94,1.03) 0.544
Potato crisps or salty snack foods     
  Low (<once/month)    
  Medium (1–3 times/month) 1.02 (0.96,1.08) 0.495
  High (1+ times/week) 1.05 (0.98,1.11) 0.145
Chocolates or lollies     
  Low (≤3 times/month)    
  Medium (once/week) 0.99 (0.94,1.05) 0.795
  High (2+ times/week) 1.04 (0.99,1.09) 0.161
Cake, doughnuts and sweet biscuits     
  Low (≤3 times/month)    
  Medium (once/week) 1.00 (0.96,1.04) 0.954
  High (2+ times/week) 1.00 (0.96,1.05) 0.890
Pies, pastries or sausage rolls     
  Low (<once/month)    
  Medium (1–3 times/month) 0.97 (0.93,1.01) 0.114
  High (1+ times/week) 1.00 (0.93,1.07) 0.953
Fast foods (e.g. McDonalds, KFC)     
  Low (<once/month)    
  Medium (1–3 times/month) 1.04 (1.00,1.09) 0.069
  High (1+ times/week) 1.09 (1.02,1.17) 0.010
Pizza     
  Low (<once/month)    
  Medium (1–3 times/month) 0.97 (0.92,1.02) 0.196
  High (1+ times/week) 1.01 (0.94,1.08) 0.817
Soft drink (excluding diet soft drink)     
  Low (don’t drink soft drink)    
  Medium (<1 serve/day) 1.00 (0.95,1.04) 0.930
  High (1+ serves/day) 1.07 (1.00,1.14) 0.053
  1. a‘Low’ is the reference category for all outcomes.
  2. Note: All analyses controlled for age, education level, marital status, employment status, smoking status, the number of dependent children, country of birth and clustering by neighbourhood. Bolded associations were significant.
  3. bStandardised regression coefficient.
  4. cUnstandardised regression coefficient with 95% confidence interval.