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Table 2 Factors associated with reported consistent condom use among MSM with all three types of partners combined, regular, paying, and casual male partners in Tamil Nadu, 2009-2010

From: Consistent condom use with regular, paying, and casual male partners and associated factors among men who have sex with men in Tamil Nadu, India: findings from an assessment of a large-scale HIV prevention program

  aAll three types of partners combined bRegular male partners cPaying male partners dCasual male partners
Indicators Adjusted OR (95% CI) Adjusted OR (95% CI) Adjusted OR (95% CI) Adjusted OR (95% CI)
Socio-demographics     
Education     
Up to secondary education Referent Referent Referent Referent
Above secondary 1.76 (0.92–3.37) 1.07 (0.70–1.62) 1.20 (0.81–1.79) 1.60 (0.86–2.97)
Age     
≤25 years Referent Referent Referent Referent
26 years or older 0.31 (0.15–0.62)** 0.54 (0.32–0.90)* 0.72 (0.46–1.13) 0.45 (0.24–0.85)*
Occupation     
Agri/non-agricultural labor Referent Referent Referent Referent
Student/unemployed/business/service/others 0.74 (0.37–1.47) 0.83 (0.53–1.30) 0.85 (0.56–1.27) 0.91 (0.48–1.71)
Marital status     
Never married Referent Referent Referent Referent
Ever married 2.34 (0.97–5.64) 1.13 (0.61–2.12) 0.73 (0.39–1.34) 0.93 (0.38–2.22
Self-identity     
Panthi/DD/bisexual Referent Referent Referent Referent
Kothi 0.85 (0.26–2.77) 0.81 (0.42–1.55) 0.66 (0.33–1.33) 0.70 (0.30–1.64)
In debt     
No Referent Referent Referent Referent
Yes 0.49 (0.24–0.99)* 0.40 (0.25–0.64) ** 0.54 (0.35–0.84)** 0.55 (0.29–1.01)
Substance use     
Alcohol consumption     
No Referent Referent Referent Referent
Yes 0.28 (0.14–0.58)** 0.50 (0.30–0.85) * 0.35 (0.22–0.57) ** 0.34 (0.17–0.67) **
Drug use     
No Referent Referent Referent Referent
Yes 0.18 (0.03–0.95)* 0.46 (0.16–1.31) 0.63 (0.23–1.75) 0.18 (0.05–0.65) **
Frequency of receptive sex acts, no. of sex acts and no. of partners     
Frequency of receptive sex with regular     
male partner     
Never/in-frequent Referent Referent N/A N/A
Frequent 2.17 (1.01–4.65)* 1.25 (0.76–2.07)   
No. of times had anal intercourse in past     
week with paying male partner     
<5 Referent N/A Referent N/A
5 and above 1.77 (0.93–3.36)   1.31 (0.83–2.08)  
Casual male partners in past month     
7 and above Referent N/A N/A Referent
<7 3.41 (1.50–7.73)**    0.90 (0.41–2.01)
Risk perception and exposure     
Feels at risk of acquiring HIV     
No Referent Referent Referent Referent
Yes 1.31 (0.64–2.67) 1.40 (0.92–2.15) 1.92 (1.22–3.01) ** 1.68 (0.90–3.15)
Membership in a community-based organization (CBO)     
No Referent Referent Referent Referent
Yes 3.54 (1.62–7.74)** 1.96 (1.23–3.11) ** 1.46 (0.94–2.27) 1.67 (0.84–3.31)
Knowledge of STI symptoms     
Knows <3 symptoms Referent Referent Referent Referent
Knows 3+ symptoms 1.51 (0.45–4.97) 2.00 (0.92–4.34) 1.19 (0.56–2.53) 0.77 (0.27–2.15)
Exposed to any HIV prevention intervention     
No Referent Referent Referent Referent
Yes 3.12 (0.48–19.91) 2.15 (0.81–5.65) 0.79 (0.35–1.77) 3.62 (1.31–10.00) *
  1. a‘All three types of partners combined’ here refers to having regular, paying, and casual male partners.
  2. bReported only by those who had regular male partners.
  3. CReported only by those who had paying male partners.
  4. dReported only by those who had casual male partners.
  5. *p <.05, **p<.01.
  6. N/A Not available.