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Table 1 Demographic characteristics and condom use behaviour with different types of male sexual partners of MSM in Tamil Nadu, 2009-2010

From: Consistent condom use with regular, paying, and casual male partners and associated factors among men who have sex with men in Tamil Nadu, India: findings from an assessment of a large-scale HIV prevention program

Indicators %* (number) Indicators %* (number)
Socio-demographics   Condom use  
Education   Consistent condom use with all three partners combined  
Illiterate 6.2 (126) No 47.3 (226)
Up to secondary education 34.2 (492) Yes 52.6 (457)
Above secondary 59.5 (1000) Consistent condom use with regular male partners  
Age (years)   No 54.6 (556)
≤ 25 33.8 (597) Yes 45.3 (703)
26–35 44.3 (728) Consistent condom use with paying male partners  
36–45 17.9 (227) No 49.1 (577)
≥46 and above 3.8 (66) Yes 50.8 (848)
Occupation   Consistent condom use with casual male partners  
Student/unemployed 7.0 (105) No 42.0 (250)
Self-employed/business/service (govt./pvt) 47.3 (753) Yes 57.9 (592)
Agricultural/non-agricultural labor 37.7 (666)   
Masseur 2.0 (25) Sexual behavior  
Sex worker 4.9 (51) Frequency of receptive sex with regular male partner  
Others 0.88 (18) Never/in-frequent 29.0 (293)
Marital status   Frequent 70.9 (956)
Never married 75.5 (1228) No. of times had anal intercourse in past week with paying male partner  
Ever married 24.5 (390) <5 66.8 (945)
Self-identity~   ≥5 and above 33.1 (480)
Kothi 79.4 (1320) Other casual male partners in past month  
Panthi 1.2 (48) <7 70.4 (667)
DD 15.3 (194) ≥7 and above 29.5 (199)
Bisexual 4.0 (56)   
In debt   Risk perception and Exposure  
No 51.3 (866) Feels at risk of acquiring HIV  
Yes 48.6 (752) No 63.9 (1029)
   Yes 36.0 (589)
Substance use   Membership in a community-based organization  
Alcohol consumption (past month)   No 46.4 (785)
Everyday 9.9 (115) Yes 53.5 (831)
At least once a week 35.4 (621) Knowledge of STI symptoms  
Less than once a week 35.2 (538) Knows <3 symptoms 12.2 (199)
Never consumed 19.3 (344) Knows 3+ symptoms 87.7 (1419)
Drug use   Exposed to any HIV prevention interventions  
No 88.8 (1528) No 8.2 (179)
Yes 11.1 (90) Yes 91.7 (1439)
Types of male sexual partners    
Having all three male partners combined    
No 58.7 (935)   
Yes 41.3 (683)   
Having regular male partner    
No 20.2 (359)   
Yes 79.7 (1259)   
Having paying male partner    
No 8.6 (145)   
Yes 91.3 (1473)   
Having casual male partner    
No 45.5 (752)   
Yes 54.4 (866)   
  1. *Weighted percentages; n=1618.
  2. Note: totals may not add up in all variables because of exclusion of missing data and do not know responses.
  3. ~Kothi - feminine/receptive; Panthi - masculine/insertive; DD - Double Decker, Insertive and receptive.