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Table 3 Logistic regression for factors associated with the practice of FGM among participants

From: Female genital mutilation among Iraqi Kurdish women: a cross-sectional study from Erbil city

Characteristic FGM status of women Crude Adjusted*
Mutilated Non-mutilated Odds ratio (95% CI) P value Odds ratio (95% CI) P value
No. (%) No. (%)
Age group (years)         
15–24 338 (43.7) 435 (56.3) 0.8 (0.6–1.0) 0.510   
25–34 339 (41.0) 488 (59.0) 0.9 (0.7–1.1) 0.279   
≥35 146 (37.7) 241 (62.3)     
Occupation         
Housewife 1024 (63.8) 582 (36.2) 4.7 (2.7–8.1) < 0.001 3.3 (1.8–6.1) < 0.001
Employed 122 (38.7) 193 (61.3) 1.7 (0.9–3.0) 0.081 1.8 (0.9–3.5) 0.075
Student 18 (27.3) 48 (72.7)     
Place of birth         
Rural 315 (63.6) 180 (36.4) 1.3 (1.1–1.6) 0.009 1.0 (0.8–1.2) 0.702
Urban 849 (56.9) 643 (43.1)     
Mother FGM status         
Mutilated 1067 (70.2) 453 (29.8) 18.5 (13.1–26.2) < 0.001 15.1 (10.6–21.6) < 0.001
Don’t know 57 (50.9) 55 (49.1) 8.2 (4.9–13.4) < 0.001 7.3 (4.4–12.0) < 0.001
Not mutilated 40 (11.3) 315 (88.7)     
Mother education         
Illiterate 1015 (62.8) 602 (37.2) 5.1 (3.3–7.9) < 0.001 1.5 (0.9–2.6) 0.142
Read and write 45 (50.6) 44 (49.4) 3.1 (1.7–5.6) < 0.001 1.4 (0.7–2.8) 0.344
Primary school 75 (45.7) 89 (54.3) 2.6 (1.5–4.3) < 0.001 1.3 (0.7–2.5) 0.389
Intermediate school and higher education 29 (24.8) 88 (75.2)     
Father education         
Illiterate 654 (65.3) 348 (34.7) 2.7 (2.1–3.4) < 0.001 1.4 (1.1–1.9) 0.022
Read and write 96 (65.8) 50 (34.2) 2.7 (1.8–4.1) < 0.001 1.6 (1.02–2.5) 0.040
Primary school 246 (57.1) 185 (42.9) 1.9 (1.4–2.5) < 0.001 1.3 (0.9–1.8) 0.110
Intermediate school and higher education 168 (41.2) 240 (58.8)     
  1. CI confidence interval, FGM female genital mutilation.
  2. * Only those variables that were significant in the univariate logistic model were considered for the multiple logistic regression model.