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Table 3 Source of infection and strains of E coli identified in EHEC outbreaks

From: Interventions for preventing diarrhea-associated hemolytic uremic syndrome: systematic review

Source of infection EHEC Year Location
  Strain   
Contaminated foods
Meat:
Hamburger mince O157: H7 1994 USA [11]
Hamburger mince O157: H7 2009 USA [90]
Hamburger mince O157: H7 2008 USA [91]
Hamburgers O157: H7 2007 USA [92]
Beef O157: H7 2009 USA [93]
Beef O157: H7 2009 USA [94]
Mettwurst O111: H_ 1995 Australia [12, 59]
Unknown O111 1994 Italy [95]
Deer jerky O157: H7 1997 USA [6]
Pepperoni (on Pizza) O157: H7 2007 USA [96]
Salad:
Sprouts O104: H4 2011 Germany, France [97]
Radish sprouts in school lunches O157 1996 Japan [13]
lettuce O157: H7 1998 USA [14]
Lettuce (shredded) O145 2010 USA [98]
Spinach O157: H7 2006 USA [99]
Dairy foods:
Unpasteurized cheese (made from goat and cow milks) verotoxin VT2 gene 1992 France [100]
Cheese curds O157: H7 2000 USA [101]
Cheese O157: H7 2010 USA [51]
Raw Biscuit Dough O157: H7 2009 USA [102]
Contaminated drinks
Water O157: H7 2000 Canada [79]
Water (from well) O157: H7 1999 USA [8]
Unpasteurized apple juice (commercial) O157: H7 1996 Canada; USA [103]
Unpasteurized milk O157: H7 1997 USA [104]
Unpasteurized milk O157 1999 UK [105]
Unpasteurized goat’s milk O157: H7 1997 Bohemia [29, 106]
Raw milk O157 2008 USA [107]
Contaminated environment
Petting zoo O157 2002 Canada [68]
Petting zoo O157 2000 The Netherlands [16]
Farm open to public O157 1997 UK [108]
Farm O157 2001 Scotland [109]
Farm: Dairy and petting farm O157: H7 2003 USA [110]
Swimming (pool) O157: H7 1991 USA [9]
Swimming (lake) O157: H7 1999 USA [111]
Swimming (lake) O121: H19 1999 USA [10]
Person to person
Children via paddling pool O157: 49 1992 Scotland [69]
Children via paddling pool O157: 2 1993 UK [70]
Child care center O157 1999 UK [58]
Day care nursery O157 1995 UK [57]
Mother to baby O111: H_ 1998 Australia [59]
Institution O157: H7 1990 USA [56]