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Table 1 Health and life style characteristics of the study population

From: Life-style characteristics and cardiovascular risk factors in regular downhill skiers: an observational study

Variable Male skiers Age matched Female skiers Age matched
  n = 971 General population1) n = 288 General population1)
Age (years) 57.3 (14.6; 16–90) (30 – 75) 47.7 (16.4; 16 – 82)b (30 – 60)
Weight (kg) 78.8 (10.7)   62.4 (9.3)b  
Height (cm) 176.4 (6.4)   165.6 (6.3)b  
Body mass index (> 25.0/< 25.1) 447/524 (46/54) (56/44)a 47/241 (16/84)b (45/55)a
Health state (moderate to bad/very good, good) 190/781 (20/80) (30/70)a 34/254 (16/84) (30/70)a
Smoker (yes/no) 97/874 (10/90) (28/72)a 20/268 (7/93) (19/81)a
Alcohol consumption (regularly/occasionally/no) 39/484/448 (4/50/46) (38/34/28)a 6/84/198 (2/29/69)b (15/35/50)a
Unhealthy nutrition (yes/no) 542/429 (56/44)   193/95 (67/33)b  
Hypercholesterolemia (yes/no) 347/624 (36/64) (34/66) 76/212 (26/74)b (28/72)
Systemic hypertension (yes/no) 255/716 (26/74) (30/70) 31/257 (11/89)b (14/86)
Diabetes (yes/no) 49/922 (5/95) (6/94) 8/288 (3/97) (4/96)
Pain frequency (regularly/occasionally/no) 47/835/89 (5/86/9)   14/248/26 (5/86/9)  
Frequent mental stress (yes/no) 566/405 (58/42)   104/184 (36/64)b  
Memory deficits (yes/no) 66/905 (7/93)   17/271 (6/94)  
Aerobic exercise (< 3/> 2 hours/week) 470/501 (48/52) (72/28)a 146/142 (51/49) (72/28)a
Skiing frequency (< 21/> 20 days/year) 341/630 (35/65)   126/162 (44/56)b  
  1. Values are means (SD; range for age) and frequencies (proportions).
  2. 1)Data are available from the Austrian microcensus survey program 2006/7; Ref. [12].
  3. aProportions are different (P < 0.05; Chi-squared test) between skiers and the age matched general population.
  4. bMeans or proportions are different (P < 0.05; t-test or Chi-squared test) between male and female skiers.