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Table 2 Behaviour change techniques and strategies to promote physical activity (PA) used in the three phases of the study

From: Development and evaluation of a structured programme for promoting physical activity among seniors with intellectual disabilities: a study protocol for a cluster randomized trial

Change objectives Behaviour change techniques Strategies Phase 1 Phase 2 Phase 3
Seniors enjoy participating in PA Tailoring Professionals select PA on preference target group X X X
Seniors think it is physically safe and comfortable to perform PA activities Provide information on consequences of behaviour in general Day-activity centres’ staff members apply several work forms and exercises in groups to provide information about performing PA safely and about normal bodily reactions to PA X X  
Professional support Support PA by familiar professionals X X  
Seniors experience PA as part of their daily activities/routine Repetition Structured PA in the day-activity programme, three times a week   X X
Seniors think they are able to perform PA Set graded tasks Select relatively easy, low intensive, short duration PA in Phase 1. Incremental increases follow. X X  
Provide instruction on how to perform behaviour Professionals tell seniors how to perform the PA X X X
Model/Demonstrate behaviour/ Professionals show seniors how to perform the PA through demonstrations. X X  
Mirroring The PA takes place in a group setting, where other participants demonstrate PA. X X  
Seniors become more conscious of the benefits of being physically active Provide information on consequences of behaviour in general Day-activity centres’ staff members apply several work forms and exercises in groups to provide information about benefits of PA   X  
Seniors learn about normal bodily reactions to PA Provide information on consequences of behaviour in general Day-activity centres’ staff members apply several work forms and exercises in groups to provide information about normal bodily reactions to PA X X  
Seniors feel physically safe and comfortable to explore their skills Professional support Support PA by familiar professionals X X X
Seniors feel stimulated and supported by others to perform physical activity Prompt rewards contingent on effort or progress towards behaviour Using praise and rewards for attempts at performing PA. X X  
Provide rewards contingent on successful behaviour Professionals and day-activity centres’ staff members reinforce successful performance of performance of PA. This includes praise, encouragement and material rewards. X X X
Provide feedback on performance Providing information about participants’ progress in performing the PA. X X  
  Plan social support/change The PA take place in a group setting, with peers familiar to the participant, in which social support can be encouraged. X X X