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Table 2 Frequencies of substance use, disorders and Perceived Stress Scale score in students (N = 1876) 2009-2011

From: Prevalence and association of perceived stress, substance use and behavioral addictions: a cross-sectional study among university students in France, 2009–2011

  Number % PSS score Mean (SD) p
Regular smoker (≥1cigarette per day)     
Yes 435 23.2 16.9 (7.2) 0.03
No 1436 76.0 15.7 (7.2)  
Regular cannabis user     
Yes 70 3.7 15.6 (6.9) 0.70
No 1808 96.3 15.9 (7.4)  
Regular alcohol user     
Yes 374 20.1 14.5 (6.7) <10-3
No 1489 79.9 16.3 (6.9)  
Polydrug user     
Yes 167 8.9 15.8 (7.2) 0.82
No 1711 91.1 15.9 (7.3)  
Alcohol abuse problems     
Positive ADOSPA     
Yes 541 32.5 16.4 (7.1) 0.009
No 1179 68.5 15.4 (7.0)  
Binge drinking     
Yes 306 16.3 14.5 (6.7) <10-3
No 1571 83.7 16.4 (7.1)  
Drunkeness >10 per year     
Yes 310 18.7 14.5 (6.7) 0.001
No 1348 81.3 16.0 (7.1)  
Risk of eating disorders (positive Scoff)     
Yes 417 23.2 20.2 (7.1) <10-3
No 1428 76.8 14.7 (6.7)  
Risk of cyber addiction (Orman test)     
Yes 505 27.5 17.9 (7.2) <10-3
No 1333 72.5 15.1 (7.0)  
  1. Abbreviation: SD Standard deviation.