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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of the 1876 students included and Perceived Stress Scale mean scores 2009-2011

From: Prevalence and association of perceived stress, substance use and behavioral addictions: a cross-sectional study among university students in France, 2009–2011

  Number % PSS score Mean (SD) P
Age     
18-19 years 514 27.4 16.3 (7.1) 0.34
20-21 years 800 42.6 15.8 (7.1)  
>21 years 562 30.0 15.6 (7.4)  
Gender     
Male 635 33.9 13.2 (6.5) <10-3
Female 1239 66.1 17.3 (7.1)  
Curriculum     
Business 511 27.2 15.4 (7.0) 0.03
University 333 17.7 16.9 (7.7)  
Engineering 378 20.1 16.3 (7.1)  
Paramedic 217 11.5 15.8 (7.0)  
Medicine and pharmacy 148 7.8 15.4 (7.3)  
Technologist 214 11.4 15.0 (6.7)  
Others 77 4.1 16.0 (7.3)  
Living in couples     
Yes 258 14.3 16.5 (7.3) 0.39
No 1602 85.7 15.8 (7.2)  
Student job     
Yes 424 22.7 15.8 (7.3) 0.68
No 1446 77.3 16.0 (7.1)  
Study grant holder     
Yes 519 27.7 16.3 (7.3) 0.23
No 1352 72.3 15.8 (7.2)  
Students living     
At parents 530 28.5 15.6 (7.1) 0.42
In rented accomodation 1010 54.3 15.9 (7.3)  
On campus 321 17.2 16.5 (7.0)  
Practice of sport     
Yes 1154 62.1 15.2 (7.1) <10-3
No 705 37.9 17.0 (7.7)  
  1. Abbreviation: SD Standard deviation.