Skip to main content

Table 2 HIV Prevalence by socio- demographic and behavioral characteristics

From: Declining HIV-1 prevalence and incidence among Police Officers – a potential cohort for HIV vaccine trials, in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania

  All Males Females Total
Median age (years range)     
HIV-infected 39 (22–51) 39 (26–51) 38 (22–49)  
HIV-uninfected 36 (18–61) 37 (19–61) 34 (18–56) 0.07
Refused to test 30 (18–57) 30 (18–35) 46 (25–57)  
Marital Status     
(n = 435)     
Never married     
HIV-infected 3 (2.3%) 2 (2.3%) 1 (2.5%)  
HIV-uninfected 125 (97.7%) 86 (97.7%) 39 (97.5)  
     0.03*
Married     
HIV-infected 24 (7.8%) 20 (7.7%) 4 (8.3%)  
HIV-uninfected 283 (92.2%) 239 (92.3%) 44 (91.7%)  
Level of education     
n=433     
Primary     
HIV-infected 16 (9.1%) 13 (9.4%) 3 (7.9%)  
HIV-uninfected 160 (90.9%) 125 (90.6%) 35 (92.1%)  
Secondary     0.06**
HIV-infected 11 (4.7%) 9 (4.8%) 2 (4.1%)  
HIV-uninfected 225 (95.3%) 180 (95.2%) 45 (95.7%)  
College/university     
HIV-infected 0 0 0  
HIV-uninfected 21 18 3  
Condom use last sexual encounter     
n=307     
Yes     
HIV-infected 3 (8.1%) 1 (3.6%) 2 (22.2%)  
HIV-uninfected 34 (91.9%) 27 (96.4) 7 (77.8%)  
     0.76***
No     
HIV-infected 21 (7.8%) 18 (7.9%) 3 (7.1%)  
HIV-uninfected 249 (92.2%) 210 (92.1%) 39 (92.9%)  
Regular sexual partner Wife/Husband     
n=304     
Yes     
HIV-infected 22 (8.1%) 19 (98.0%) 3 (8.6%)  
HIV-uninfected 250 (91.9%) 218 (92.0%) 32 (91.4%)  
     0.93****
No     
HIV-infected 2 (6.3%) 1 (5.9%) 1 (6.7%)  
HIV-uninfected 30 (93.7%) 16 (94.1%) 14 (93.3%)  
Regular sexual partner someone else     
n=226     
Yes     
HIV-infected 6 (4.5%) 6 (5.7%) 0  
HIV-uninfected 128 (95.5%) 99 (94.3%) 29  
     0.95
No     
HIV-infected 5 (5.4%) 3 (4.2%) 2 (9.5%)  
HIV-uninfected 87 (94.6%) 68 (95.8%) 19 (90.5%)  
  1. * p values comparison of HIV –infection among the married to the never married.
  2. ** p values comparison of HIV-infection in primary vs secondary education.
  3. *** p values comparison of HIV-infection among the condom users and non condom users.
  4. **** p values comparison of HIV-infection with respect for regular sexual partners and irregular sexual partners.