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Table 3 Caregiver costs incurred for a single episode of pediatric diarrhea (US$) 1

From: The burden of pediatric diarrhea: a cross-sectional study of incurred costs and perceptions of cost among Bolivian families

  Urban Rural
Hospitalized (N=132) Outpatients (N=230) Hospitalized (N=31) Outpatients (N=49)
  Median (Q1, Q3)
DIRECT COSTS 27.58 4.79 26.50 6.91
(5.98, 57.89) (1.87, 14.54) (9.07, 67.68) (3.6, 18.72)
Diagnostics 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
(0.00, 0.00) (0.00, 0.00) (0.00, 0.00) (0.00, 0.00)
Medications 6.48 0.00 5.76 0.00
(0.00, 11.81) (0.00, 5.04) (0.00, 12.96) (0.00, 5.83)
Consultation Fees 7.20 0.00 3.60 0.00
(0.00, 36.00) (0.00, 0.00) (0.00, 46.08) (0.00, 0.00)
Non-Medical Costs (e.g., Travel, child care) 4.03 2.88 6.34 4.48
(2.63, 6.30) (1.30, 5.62) (3.31, 9.36) (2.74, 9.50)
INDIRECT COSTS (lost income) 12.00 1.23 20.34 8.64
(0.00, 28.50) (0.00, 13.37) (11.52, 27.60) (0.00, 24.48)
TOTAL COSTS 41.54 10.74 32.40 17.63
(10.7, 82.19) (2.45, 29.95) (15.7, 86.64) (4.97, 36.91)
  1. 1Only children with complete information on appointment type, hospital, and cost records were analyzed.
  2. Significantly different from Urban Outpatients, p<0.001.
  3. Significantly different from Rural Outpatients, p<0.05.