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Table 2 Association between physical activity disparity and socio-demographic, clinical and health behaviour, quality of life and psychological characteristics in the ADDITION-Plus cohort, 2003 to 2007

From: Socio-demographic and behavioural correlates of physical activity perception in individuals with recently diagnosed diabetes: results from a cross-sectional study

  Univariablea Multivariableb
Characteristic Category/scale, units N Regression coefficient (95% CI) p N Regression coefficient (95% CI) p
Socio-demographic        
Sex ♀ = 0, ♂ = 1 425 7.05 (4.24 to 9.87) 0.0001 402 6.45 (3.49 to 9.41) 0.0001
Age category 42–54.9, years 425 1 0.019 402 1 0.012
  55–59.9   −0.77 (−4.94 to 3.40)    0.33 (−3.96 to 4.62)  
  60–64.9   −2.21 (−6.51 to 2.08)    −2.23 (−6.74 to 2.28)  
  65−71   −5.24 (−8.88 to −1.54)    −5.34 (−9.34 to −1.34)  
Ethnicity Asian/Black = 0, Caucasian = 1 425 0.77 (−3.97 to 5.41) 0.47    
Socio-economic category Managerial/professional 420 1 0.029 402 1 0.043
  Intermediate   1.92 (−1.66 to 5.51)    1.77 (−1.89 to 5.45)  
  Routine/manual   3.57 (0.33 to 6.81)    4.19 (0.87 to 7.51)  
Clinical        
BMI kg/m2 423 −0.31 (−0.56 to −0.061) 0.014 402 −0.39 (−0.65 to −0.13) 0.003
Waist circumference cm 425 −0.10 (−0.21 to 0.0008) 0.05    
Health behaviours        
Current smoking status Current 58 1 0.63    
  Former 209 2.07 (−2.13 to 6.28)     
  Never 156 1.61 (−2.75 to 5.98)     
Alcohol consumption Units · week-1 418 0.004 (−0.13 to 0.14) 0.95    
Dietary intake Total energy, Kcal · day-1 424 0.001( −0.0018 to 0.0039) 0.46    
  Fat, g · day-1 424 0.041 (−0.021 to 0.10) 0.19    
  Fruit, g · day-1 409 −0.0074 (−0.014 to −0.001) 0.021    
  Vegetable, g · day-1 402 0.0039 (−0.0065 to 0.014) 0.46    
Quality of life and well being        
EuroQol EQ-5D scale, −0.3 to 1c 418 1.88 (−4.49 to 8.24) 0.56    
ADDQoL scale, −9 to 9d 423 0.16 (−1.03 to 1.35) 0.79    
SF-36 general health scale, 1 to 5e 425 −0.13 ( −1.67 to 1.41) 0.86    
Diabetes treatment satisfaction scale, 0 to 36f 411 0.071 (−0.18 to 0.32) 0.58    
Psychological        
Intention scale, 1 to 5g 421 −0.66 (−2.42 to 1.09) 0.45    
Perceived behavioural control scale, 1 to 5g 421 0.19 (−1.38 to 1.78) 0.80    
  1. Output is taken from linear regression models with PA disparity as the outcome variable.
  2. a Adjusted for the a priori confounders sex, age and trial arm.
  3. b Adjusted for sex, age, trial arm, socio-economic category and BMI.
  4. c Weighted health state index, where dead = 0 & full health = 1.
  5. d Weighted impact of diabetes index, where −9 = maximum negative and +9 = maximum positive diabetes impact.
  6. e General health utility scale ranging from 1 = excellent to 5 = poor.
  7. f Diabetes treatment satisfaction scale, where 0 = very dissatisfied and 36 = very satisfied.
  8. g 5-point Likert-type agree/disagree scale, where 5 represents highest behaviour change beliefs.