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Table 2 Self-rated health across socio-demographic characteristics of the sample (n = 1174)

From: Inequalities in self-rated health among 45+ year-olds in Almaty, Kazakhstan: a cross-sectional study

Characteristic Poor Satisfactory Gooda Pb
Age, years     <0.001
45–54 20 (4.9) 189 (46.3) 199 (48.8)  
55–64 29 (8.5) 184 (53.8) 129 (37.7)  
65–74 54 (20.2) 154 (57.7) 59 (22.1)  
75+ 35 (22.3) 106 (67.5) 16 (10.2)  
Gender     <0.001
Male 42 (8.4) 239 (47.9) 218 (43.7)  
Female 96 (14.2) 394 (58.4) 185 (27.4)  
Ethnic background     0.002
Kazakh 32 (8.2) 201 (51.7) 156 (40.1)  
Russian 92 (14.5) 353 (55.5) 191 (30.0)  
Other/Unknown 14 (9.4) 59 (57.0) 76 (37.6)  
Education     <0.001
Secondary or less 65 (19.1) 197 (58.6) 74 (22.0)  
Vocational 43 (15.5) 155 (55.8) 80 (28.8)  
Higher 30 (5.4) 281 (50.2) 249 (44.5)  
Occupation     <0.001
Blue-collar 9 (3.5) 114 (44.7) 132 (51.8)  
White-collar 9 (4.7) 68 (35.8) 113 (59.5)  
Unemployed 13 (9.6) 83 (61.0) 40 (29.4)  
Pensioner 102 (18.2) 355 (63.4) 103 (18.4)  
Other/Unknown 5 (15.2) 13 (39.4) 15 (45.5)  
Marital status     <0.001
Married 69 (8.4) 431 (52.4) 323 (39.2)  
Unmarried 69 (19.7) 202 (57.5) 80 (22.8)  
Self-reported material deprivation     <0.001
Category 1 40 (24.8) 103 (64.0) 18 (11.2)  
Category 2 39 (18.1) 141 (65.6) 35 (16.3)  
Category 3 26 (9.3) 159 (56.8) 95 (33.9)  
Category 4 12 (4.1) 126 (43.3) 153 (52.6)  
Unknown 201 (9.3) 104 (45.8) 102 (44.9)  
Total (n = 1174) 138 (11.8) 633 (53.9) 403 (34.3)  
  1. aGood and excellent combined.
  2. bCompared using Pearson’s chi-squared test.