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Table 7 Association of socioeconomic factors with cardiovascular (N = 885) and malignancy (N = 386) caused mortality in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 2006-2009

From: Association of socioeconomic and behavioral factors with adult mortality: analysis of data from verbal autopsy in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

Socioeconomic factors Cardiovascular diseases
No (%) COR (95% CI)  P AOR ( 95% CI)a  P
Age      
15-24 19 (1) Ref. NA Ref. NA
25-44 77 (2) 0.82 (0.48-1.38) 0.45 0.74 (0.42-1.28) 0.276
45-54 95 (3) 2.53 (1.49-4.25) <0.001 2.17 (1.22-3.86) 0.008
55-64 137 (4) 4.38 (2.63-7.30) <0.001 3.98 (2.22-7.13) <0.001
65-74 231 (6) 6.54 (3.97-10.77) <0.001 5.97 (3.33-10.68) <0.001
≥75 326 (9) 6.08 (3.72-9.92) <0.001 5.84 (3.26-10.48) <0.001
Occupation      
Manual Labor 535 (14) Ref. NA Ref. NA
Employed 953 (26) 2.30 (1.68-3.16) <0.001 1.92(1.37-2.71) <0.001
Unemployed 294 (8) 1.80 (1.19-2.70) 0.005 1.36 (0.88-2.11) 0.171
Housewives 1098 (30) 3.74 (2.76-5.07) <0.001 1.55 (1.07-2.26) 0.021
Retired 544 (15) 4.86 (3.50-6.74) <0.001 1.69 (1.17-2.42) 0.005
Others 98 (3) 1.31 (0.69-2.50) 0.415 2.31 (1.13-4.74) 0.022
Unknown 187 (5) 1.77 (1.10-2.83) 0.018 1.56 (0.95-2.61) 0.08
  Malignancy
Sex      
Male 153 (4) Ref NA Ref. NA
Female 233 (6) 1.62 (1.30-2.00) <0.001 1.89 (1.37-2.60) <0.001
Age      
15-24 21 (1) Ref NA Ref NA
25-44 73 (2) 0.69 (0.42-1.15) 0.115 0.75 (0.43-1.30) 0.304
45-54 68 (2) 1.54 (0.92-2.58) 0.101 1.80 (1.01-3.26) 0.051
55-64 79 (2) 1.92 (1.15-3.20) 0.012 2.36 (1.28-4.35) 0.006
65-74 79 (2) 1.42 (0.85-2.24) 0.178 1.80 (0.96-3.37) 0.066
≥75 65 (1) 0.74 (0.44-1.24) 0.253 0.96 (0.50-1.83) 0.902
Education      
< High School 270 (7) Ref NA Ref NA
≥ Secondary School 116 (3) 1.12(0.89-1.41) 0.333 1.49 (1.12-1.99) 0.006
Occupation      
Manual labor 535 (14) Ref. NA Ref. NA
Employed 953 (26) 1.51 (1.01-2.26) 0.047 1.34 (0.88-2.04) 0.179
Unemployed 294 (8) 0.82 (0.45-1.51) 0.530 0.86 (0.46-1.60) 0.639
Housewives 1098 (30) 2.26 (1.54-3.32) <0.001 1.72 (1.10-2.69) 0.018
Retired 544 (15) 1.77 (1.15-2.74) 0.010 1.81(1.11-2.94) 0.017
Others 98 (3) 1.99 (1.00-3.99) 0.052 2.32 (1.16-4.83) 0.024
Unknown 187 (5) 1.90 (1.09-3.34) 0.025 1.56 (0.87-2.78) 0.135
  1. Abbreviations: COR crude odd ratios, AOR adjusted odd ratios, CI confidence interval, NA not applicable.
  2. aAdjusted for sex, religion, marital status, ethnicity, educational status and occupation.