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Table 3 Alcohol use among deceased adults in relation to causes of death (N = 3709), Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 2006-2009

From: Association of socioeconomic and behavioral factors with adult mortality: analysis of data from verbal autopsy in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

Causes of death Number Frequent alcohol use Occasional alcohol use No alcohol use**
  n n(%) n(%) n(%)
I. Communicable diseases 1566 225 (14)* 241 (16) 1100 (70)
   HIV/AIDS 707 111 (16)* 90 (13) 506 (72)
   Tuberculosis 460 82 (18)* 79 (17) 299 (65)
   Respiratory infections 102 10 (10) 16 (16) 76 (75)
   Diarrheal disease 115 15 (13) 21 (18) 79 (69)
   Meningitis 47 2 (4) 6 (13) 39 (83)
II. Non communicable disease 1915 211 (11)* 287 (15) 1417 (74)
  A. Malignant neoplasm 386 24 (6)* 43 (11) 319 (83)
   Stomach Cancer 73 6 (8) 10 (14) 57 (78)
   Breast Cancer 43 1 (2)* 1 (2) 41 (96)
   Uterine Cancer 47 1 (2)* 1 (2) 45 (96)
   Liver Cancer 37 4 (11) 4 (11) 29 (78)
   Cancer of cervix 19 1 (5) - 18 (95)
   Colon and rectal cancer 27 2 (7) 5 (16) 20 (74)
   Other neoplasm 145 12 (8) 20 (14) 113 (78)
  B. Diabetes mellitus 183 18 (10) 29 (16) 136 (74)
  C. Neuropsychiatry 76 11 (15) 15 (20) 50 (66)
  D. Cardiovascular diseases 885 81 (9)* 141 (16) 663 (75)
   Hypertensive disease 426 35 (8)* 71 (17) 320 (75)
   Stroke 404 40 (10) 72 (18) 292 (72)
   Congestive heart failure 239 17 (7)* 34 (14) 188 (79)
   Myocardial infarction 84 8 (10) 14 (17) 62 (74)
  E. Respiratory diseases 93 8 (9) 12 (13) 73 (79)
   Asthma 73 7 (10) 10 (14) 56 (77)
  F. Digestive diseases 328 61 (19)* 55 (17) 212 (65)
   Chronic liver disease 165 45 (27)* 28 (17) 92 (56)
   Peptic ulcer disease 31 2 (7) 5 (16) 24 (77)
  G. Genitourinary disease 137 12 (9) 24 (18) 101 (74)
   Chronic renal failure 112 10 (9) 19 (17) 83 (74)
III. Injuries 233 22 (9) 37 (16) 174 (75)
  A. Unintentional 102 4 (4)* 11 (11) 87 (85)
   Road traffic accidents 83 3 (4)* 8 (10) 72 (87)
  B. Intentional (Suicide…) 79 7 (9) 12 (15) 60 (76)
   Poisoning 28 12 (43)* 4 (14) 12 (43)
   Undetermined 254 22 (9) 34 (13) 198 (78)
  1. Note: * P < 0.03. P value obtained by comparison of frequent alcohol use, occasional alcohol use and non alcohol use by chi- squared trend test.
  2. ** non alcohol use is a reference category.