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Table 1 Socio-demographic and behavioral characteristics of married individuals in Rakai, Uganda: 2003 – 2009

From: Trends in HIV counseling and testing uptake among married individuals in Rakai, Uganda

Characteristics Males P value (χ 2)* Females P value (χ 2)*
2003/04 2005/06 2006/08 2008/09 2003/04 2005/06 2006/08 2008/09
All participants 1809 2383 3043 3138   2449 2492 3204 3280  
Socio-demographic characteristics (%)
Age-group P < 0.0001   P < 0.0001
15-24 14.6 11.5 11.9 10.3 44.2 38.0 37.0 32.4
25-34 51.0 50.2 47.4 45.6 42.5 47.5 47.4 49.2
35+ 34.4 38.3 40.8 44.0 13.3 13.3 15.7 18.4
Education P = 0.364   P = 0.452
No education 4.8 4.4 3.9 3.8 7.9 6.7 7.6 7.0
Primary 64.3 65.0 66.8 65.4 67.3 66.9 66.3 66.2
Post-primary 30.9 30.6 29.3 30.8 24.8 26.4 26.2 26.8
Type of marital union P = 0.731   P = 0.494
Monogamous 83.3 83.1 83.6 84.2 79.0 79.5 79.6 80.5
Polygamous 16.7 16.9 16.4 15.8 21.0 20.5 20.4 19.5
Behavioral characteristics (%)
Non-marital relations in past year P = 0.419   P = 0.516
Yes 44.4 44.2 46.2 44.5 3.9 3.5 3.8 3.2
No 55.6 55.8 53.8 55.5 96.1 96.5 96.2 96.8
HIV risk perception P < 0.0001   P < 0.0001
Very likely 3.7 4.2 10.1 15.2 3.4 6.3 27.7 32.2
Somewhat likely 19.6 31.7 46.5 45.1 28.2 27.6 39.3 38.7
Unlikely 66.6 60.9 36.8 35.1 59.0 53.0 28.2 23.5
Unsure 10.2 3.2 6.6 4.6 9.4 13.0 4.8 5.6
Condom use in past year P = 0.001   P < 0.0001
Yes 40.0 37.6 42.8 41.5 20.2 18.9 24.3 25.5
No 60.0 62.4 57.2 58.5 79.8 81.1 75.7 74.5
Prior HCT P < 0.0001   P < 0.0001
Yes 56.4 30.2 33.0 35.0 54.8 34.4 40.0 47.6
No 43.6 69.8 67.0 65.0 45.2 65.6 60.0 52.4
Prior HIV status disclosure P < 0.0001   P < 0.0001
Yes 50.9 29.1 33.3 35.7 45.8 30.2 36.0 40.3
No 49.1 70.9 66.7 64.3 54.2 69.8 64.0 59.7
HIV status (%)
Individual HIV status P = 0.470   P = 0.082
HIV-negative 88.6 89.1 89.3 88.1 87.5 88.6 89.5 88.0
HIV-positive 11.4 10.9 10.7 11.9 12.5 11.4 10.5 12.0
Couple HIV status P = 0.305   P = 0.154
M-F- 83.4 84.8 85.2 84.0 84.1 84.8 85.2 84.0
M + F+ 7.6 7.1 6.5 7.9 8.4 7.1 6.4 7.9
M-F+ 5.2 4.3 4.1 4.1 4.1 4.3 4.1 4.2
M + F- 3.8 3.8 4.2 4.0 3.4 3.8 4.3 4.0
  1. *Pearson Chi Square test.
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