Skip to main content

Table 1 Demographic characteristics (N=387)

From: Useful screening tools for preventing foot problems of diabetics in rural areas: a cross-sectional study

Variables Mean (SD, Range) N %
Age (year)  68.7 (9.4, 27~ 90)  
Duration of diabetes year   7.9 (6.2, 0.5~33)  
Participated DM support group   
  Yes   195 (50.4)
  No   192 (49.6)
Adopted oral medications   
  Yes   351 (90.7)
  No   36 ( 9.3)
Adopted insulin injection   
   Yes   20 ( 5.2)
   No   367 (94.8)
Fasting blood glucose   
  130   135 (34.9)
  131   226 (58.4)
  missing   26 ( 6.7)
HbA1C   
  6.99%   26 ( 6.7)
  7.00%   221 (57.1)
  missing   75 (19.4)
BMI   
  Normal (~24)   118 (30.5)
  Overweight (~27)   123 (31.8)
  Obesity (>27)   146 (37.7)
Waist circumference (cm)   
  Normal (male90, female80)   129 (33.3)
  Abnormal (male91, female81)   258 (66.7)
Michigan Neuropathy Screening score   
  3.0   301 (77.8)
  3.5   86 (22.2)
ABPI (ankle brachial pressure index)   
   0.90   338 (87.3)
   0.89   49 (12.7)
Systolic Blood pressure   
  130   121 (31.3)
  131   266 (68.7)
Diastolic Blood pressure   
  85   299 (77.3)
  86   88 (22.7)
Exercise behavior   
  Regular   228 (58.9)
  Irregular   159 (41.1)
Adopted diabetes diet   
   Yes   256 (66.1)
   No   131 (33.9)
Oral care (Brush after meal )   
  Yes   129 (33.3)
  No   258 (66.7)
Oral hygiene-using dental floss   
   Yes   135 (34.9)
   No   252 (65.1)
Number of teeth   
   ~10   249 (64.3)
   ~20   60 (15.5)
   ~28   78 (20.2)
Depression score   
   12   320 (82.7)
   13   67 (17.3)
\