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Table 3 Sources of environmental cadmium exposure among study participants in Shanghai, China 2008

From: Exposure assessment of dietary cadmium: findings from shanghainese over 40 years, China

Types Mean Median Dietary intake P90 Extreme P90
Daily exposure (μg/day) Contribution rate (%) Daily exposure (μg/day) Contribution rate (%) Daily exposure (μg/day) Contribution rate (%) Daily exposure (μg/day) Contribution rate (%)
Rice 4.80 37.56 1.80 54.91 6.90 33.54 27.00 28.67
Flour 0.47 3.65 0.16 4.79 1.40 6.81 2.30 2.44
Coarse cereal 0.04 0.32 0.02 0.61 0.09 0.42 0.29 0.30
Tuber 0.01 0.12 0.00 0.05 0.05 0.24 0.10 0.10
Pork 0.50 3.89 0.03 0.87 0.99 4.81 5.50 5.84
Innard 0.15 1.19 0.00 0.00 0.46 2.26 0.01 0.01
Fatstock* 0.01 0.11 0.00 0.05 0.04 0.21 0.09 0.09
Poultry 0.02 0.18 0.01 0.22 0.06 0.28 0.09 0.09
Seafood 1.09 8.51 0.10 3.05 2.15 10.45 4.55 4.83
Egg 0.14 1.11 0.06 1.96 0.25 1.22 0.60 0.64
Diary product 0.10 0.78 0.04 1.09 0.26 1.28 0.79 0.84
Dry bean 0.24 1.87 0.01 0.36 0.27 1.32 1.43 1.52
Vegetable 5.13 40.21 1.00 30.51 7.50 36.46 51.00 54.15
Fruit 0.06 0.50 0.05 1.53 0.15 0.73 0.45 0.48
Dietary Exposure 12.77 100.00 3.28 100.00 20.57 100.00 94.18 100.00
Water Exposure 0.03 0.03 0.05 0.05
Smoking Exposure 3.93 0.00 16.15 16.39
Daily Exposure 16.73 3.31 36.78 110.63
  1. *Fatstock represents fatstock except pork.