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Table 2 Bivariate and multivariate analysis of individual, relational, and environmental-structural variables on the outcome: adherence to ARVs (n = 632)

From: Individual and contextual factors of influence on adherence to antiretrovirals among people attending public clinics in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

  % Adherent UOR (95% CI) p-value AOR (95% CI) p-value
Individual variables        
Sociodemographics        
Age [range = 19-67 years; median = 42]        
19-35 78% 1.00    1.00   
36-41 81% 1.20 (.67 - 2.12) 0.543 1.40 (.59 - 3.33) 0.451
42-47 87% 1.88 (1.04 - 3.38) 0.037 1.86 (.88 - 3.95) 0.104
48-67 85% 1.57 (.89 - 2.79) 0.122 1.52 (.72 - 3.22) 0.268
Race        
White 86% 1.00    1.00   
Non-White (Black, Brown, Other) 82% 0.72 (.44 - 1.89) 0.200 0.82 (.43 - 1.59) 0.562
Education        
Primary or less 80% 1.00    1.00   
Secondary 86% 1.52 (.97 - 2.39) 0.068 1.19 (.92 - 1.53) 0.187
University or more 88% 1.90 (.95 - 3.80) 0.070 0.89 (.58 - 1.36) 0.580
Sexual orientation        
Heterosexual 81% 1.00    1.00   
Other (Homosexual, Bi, Trans) 86% 1.42 (.92 - 2.20) 0.116 1.08 (.58 - 1.99) 0.817
Relationship status        
No Steady Partner 84% 1.00    1.00   
With Steady Partner 82% 0.85 (.56 - 1.29) 0.455 0.73 (.46 - 1.14) 0.167
Partner HIV status        
HIV negative 84% 1.00    1.00   
HIV positive 79% 0.71 (.40 - 1.26) 0.244 0.71 (.43 - 1.17) 0.178
Number of children        
0 85% 1.00    1.00   
1 89% 1.40 (.73 - 2.69) 0.315 2.29 (1.33 - 3.94) 0.003
>=2 78% 0.65 (.42 - 1.03) 0.066 1.25 (.78 - 2.01) 0.363
Religion        
Catholic 83% 1.00    1.00   
Evangelical 82% 0.94 (.56 - 1.59) 0.824 1.12 (.60 - 2.09) 0.731
Other (Espirita, Afro-Brazilian, other) 84% 1.03 (.59 - 1.80) 0.914 0.91 (.30 - 2.72) 0.862
None 84% 1.05 (.53 - 2.08) 0.886 1.04 (.47 - 2.32) 0.921
Length of time on ARVs        
0-1 yrs 80% 1.00    1.00   
2-6 yrs 85% 1.50 (.86 - 2.64) 0.155 1.53 (.88 - 2.65) 0.128
7-23 yrs 84% 1.30 (.78 - 2.17) 0.307 1.11 (.73 - 1.67) 0.629
Psychosocial variables        
Depression        
No (<11) 83% 1.00    1.00   
Depressed (>11) 83% 0.98 (.62 - 1.54) 0.932 0.89 (.51 - 1.54) 0.678
Anxiety        
No (<11) 86% 1.00    1.00   
Anxiety (>11) 79% 0.61 (.40 - .93) 0.021 0.76 (.51 - 1.54) 0.177
Relational variable        
Social support        
Low 76% 1.00    1.00   
Medium 82% 1.46 (.91 - 2.33) 0.119 1.47 (.93 - 2.31) 0.096
High 91% 3.13 (1.67 -5.88) 0.000 2.85 (1.50 - 5.41) 0.001
Environmental-structural variables        
Asset index        
Low (1-7) 78% 1.00    1.00   
High (8-23) 91% 2.89 (1.77 -4.73) 0.000 2.47 (1.79 - 3.40) 0.000
Savings        
No 81% 1.00    1.00   
Yes 91% 2.40 (1.30 -4.42) 0.005 1.81 (.93 - 3.53) 0.079
Gender        
Male 86% 1.00    1.00   
Female 76% 0.53 (.35 - .81) 0.004 0.58 (0.38 - .88) 0.011
Transgender 100% Predicts perfectly    Predicts perfectly   
  1. UOR Unadjusted Odds Ratio, CI Confidence Interval, AOR Adjusted Odds Ratio.