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Table 3 Timing of events by location of first presentation for medical care

From: Human influenza A H5N1 in Indonesia: health care service-associated delays in treatment initiation

  Symptom onset to presentation for medical care Presentation for medical care to viral testing Presentation for medical care to antiviral treatment
Location of presentation for medical care N (%) Median days (Min, Max) N (%) Median days (Min, Max) N (%) Median days (Min, Max)
Emergency room 24(21) 0.0 (0.0, 7.0) 20 (21) 5.0 (-4.0, 10.0)* 6 (14) 6.5 (2.0, 8.0)
Physician’s office or clinic 62(54) 0.0 (0.0, 7.0) 51 (54) 6.0 (0.0, 25.0) 25 (58) 7.0 (1.0, 10.0)
Rural health service/public health center 17(15) 0.0 (0.0, 7.0) 15 (16) 6.0 (1.0, 11.0) 8 (19) 5.0 (2.0, 11.0)
Other** 11(10) 0.0 (0.0, 4.0) 8 (9) 8.5 (3.0, 9.0) 4(9) 8.0 (5.0, 10.0)
Total 114 0.0 (0.0, 7.0) 94 6.0 (-4.0, 25.0) 43 7.0 (1.0, 11.0)
   p = 0.82   p= 0.04   p = 0.68
  1. *Significantly different from other. One case reportedly had a sample drawn for viral testing 4 days before their first reported presentation for medical care. Since this case was part of a cluster of human cases, it is plausible that the case was tested during an epidemiological investigation and before presenting for treatment, however, this could not be confirmed. **“Other” includes nurse (n = 4) and midwife (n = 7).