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Table 2 Differences in cardiometabolic risk factor percentile scores across the physical activity groups: 6–19 year old 2007/09 Canadian health measures survey participants

From: The fractionalization of physical activity throughout the week is associated with the cardiometabolic health of children and youth

Cardiometabolic risk factor Insufficiently active<60 min/day MVPA on average, b (95% CI) ≥60 min/day MVPA on average
   Infrequently active≥60 min on 1–4 days, b (95% CI) Frequently active≥60 min on 5–7 days, b (95% CI)
BMI    
  Model 1a 5.69 (−0.66, 12.05) −2.59 (−9.63, 4.46) referent
  Model 2b 2.66 (−5.30, 10.62) −3.78 (−12.63, 5.07) referent
Waist circumference    
  Model 1a 5.34 (−2.69, 13.36) −3.93 (−10.08, 2.21) referent
  Model 2b 0.65 (−5.20, 6.50) −5.78 (−12.86, 1.30) referent
Systolic blood pressure    
  Model 1a 4.19 (0.51, 7.87)c 0.94 (−9.41, 11.29) referent
  Model 2b −3.80 (−12.49, 4.88) −2.21 (−12.88, 8.46) referent
Diastolic blood pressure    
  Model 1a 6.45 (2.42, 10.48)c 6.66 (−5.42, 18.75) referent
  Model 2b 2.01 (−5.52, 9.54) 4.91 (−7.16, 16.99) referent
HDL-cholesterol    
  Model 1a −6.45 (−12.78, -0.13)c −5.58 (−15.87, 4.72) referent
  Model 2b −3.46 (−14.29, 7.36) −4.40 (−15.42, 6.62) referent
Triglycerides    
  Model 1a 1.04 (−1.10, 3.18) 0.90 (−2.09, 3.89) referent
  Model 2b −0.13 (−3.52, 3.26) 0.44 (−3.07, 3.94) referent
Insulin resistance    
  Model 1a 5.79 (−0.54, 12.13) 5.29 (0.15, 11.74)c referent
  Model 2b 6.52 (−4.14, 17.17) 6.10 (−0.10, 12.30) referent
Metabolic syndrome    
  Model 1a 5.95 (0.15, 11.74)c 5.03 (−2.49, 12.55) referent
  Model 2b 0.65 (−5.27, 6.54) 3.30 (−4.56, 11.16) referent
  1. Data presented as parameter estimate (b) and the 95% confidence interval for these estimates as obtained from generalized linear models predicting percentile scores of cardiometabolic risk factors from the physical activity groups. The Frequently Active group acted as the referent (b = 0.00) for all analyses.
  2. a Model 1 controlled for visible minority status and household income.
  3. b Model 2 controlled for variables in Model 1 + volume of MVPA (average minutes per day).
  4. c Significantly different from referent group (P < 0.05).
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