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Table 2 Association between selected risk factors and prevalence of hypertension among adult Nepali women (n = 13,638)

From: A cross-sectional study of the prevalence and risk factors for hypertension in rural Nepali women

  Hypertensiona
Odds Ratio (95% CI)
  Unadjusted Adjustedb
SES: Household quality   
  High Reference -
  Middle 1.06 (0.86 to 1.32) 1.09 (0.87 to1.37)
  Low 1.01 (0.81 to 1.26) 1.00 (0.78 to1.26)
SES: Farming and food   
  High Reference -
  Middle 1.18 (0.94 to 1.49) 1.14 (0.90 to 1.45)
  Low 1.52 (1.22 to 1.89) 1.40 (1.12 to 1.76)
SES: Household Assets   
  High Reference -
  Middle 1.01 (0.81 to 1.24) 1.05 (0.84 to 1.31)
  Low 0.90 (0.72 to 1.12) 0.92 (0.73 to 1.15)
Age   
  16 to 30 Reference -
  31 to 45 2.10 (1.69 to 2.61) 2.00 (1.60 to 2.52)
  46 and above 4.86 (3.47 to 6.80) 4.30 (3.09 to 6.26)
Smoking   
  No Reference -
  Yes 1.80 (1.50 to 2.17) 1.31 (1.10 to 1.58)
Alcohol   
  No Reference -
  Yes 2.20 (1.76 to 2.75) 1.53 (1.23 to 1.90)
MUAC (cm) 1.09 (1.06 to 1.13) 1.08 (1.05 to 1.12)
Ethnicity   
  Pahadi Reference -
  Madheshi 0.75 (0.62 to 0.89) 1.03 (0.83 to 1.27)
Occupation   
  Does not work Reference -
  Works outside home 0.69 (0.56 to 0.84) 0.65 (0.52 to 0.81)
  1. Abbreviations: SES = Socioeconomic Status; MUAC = Mid Upper Arm Circumference.
  2. aHypertension defined as systolic blood pressure ≥ 140 mmHg and/ or diastolic blood pressure ≥ 90 mmHg.
  3. bAdjusted for all other variables in the table.
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