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Table 3 Distribution of socioeconomy in relation to age group, heavy lifting, working posture, and mental and physical symptoms

From: Explaining the social gradient in sickness absence: a study of a general working population in Sweden

  Women (n = 1525)
Socioeconomic position Years old , %(n) Heavy lifting, %(n) Awkward working postures, %(n) Physical and mental symptoms, %(n)
  19-30 31-50 51-64 Yes No Yes No High Low
Higher non-manual 9 (20) 60 (141) 31 (73) 2 (5) 98 (229) 14 (32)   51 (108) 49 (105)
Intermediate non-manual 12 (52) 52 (232) 36 (163) 33 (146) 67 (298) 42 (187) 58 (255) 45 (176) 55 (213)
Lower non-manual 14 (37) 49 (129) 37 (99) 18 (48) 82 (213) 23 (60) 77 (201) 55 (133) 45 (107)
Skilled manual 15 (37) 45 (114) 40 (101) 87 (216) 13 (32) 80 (198) 20 (50) 55 (128) 45 (104)
Non-skilled manual 25 (77) 41 (123) 34 (103) 82 (242) 18 (54) 78 (230) 22 (65) 57 (158) 43 (120)
  Men (n = 1238)
  19-30 31-50 51-64 Yes No Yes No High Low
Higher non-manual 9 (23) 54 (139) 37 (95) 6 (15) 94 (242) 8 (20) 92 (237) 29 (63) 71 (155)
Intermediate non-manual 10 (28) 54 (157) 36 (105) 19 (55) 81 (233) 20 (57) 80 (231) 36 (93) 64 (169)
Lower non-manual 27 (28) 43 (46) 30 (32) 33 (35) 67 (70) 44 (46) 56 (59) 36 (33) 64 (58)
Skilled manual 24 (60) 46 (114) 30 (75) 87 (212) 13 (33) 82 (202) 18 (43) 36 (77) 64 (135)
Non-skilled manual 23 (72) 46 (144) 31 (96) 77 (237) 23 (70) 70 (215) 30 (92) 41 (115) 59 (165)
  1. For the random working population sample for women and men respectively.