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Table 2 Logistic mutiple regressions between lower levels of socioeconomic position and belonging to the sick-listed sample, with higher non-manual as reference

From: Explaining the social gradient in sickness absence: a study of a general working population in Sweden

  Women Men
(n = 3547) (n = 2260)
  Model 1 Model 2 Model 3 Model 4 Model 5 Model 1 Model 2 Model 3 Model 4 Model 5
Adjusted for age Adjusted for age, somatic and mental symptoms Adjusted for age and mental well-being (WHO) Adjusted for age and job strain Adjusted for age and physical work conditions Adjusted for age Adjusted for age, somatic and mental symptoms Adjusted for age and mental well-being (WHO) Adjusted for age and job strain Adjusted for age and physical work conditions
OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI)
Higher non-manual 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Intermediate non-manual 1.27 (1.01:1.58) 1.38 (1.09:1.75) 1.31 (1.04:1.66) 1.24 (0.99:1.55) 1.00 (0.79:1.26) 1.35 (1.00:1.83) 1.21(0.88:1.68) 1.25 (0.91:1.71) 1.33 (0.98:1.80) 1.15 (0.85:1.57)
Lower non-manual 1.12 (0.87:1.43) 1.09 (0.83:1.42) 1.16 (0.90:1.51) 1.03 (0.81:1.33) 1.00 (0.78:1.29) 1.70 (1.16:2.51) 1.51 (0.99:2.30) 1.70 (1.14:2.54) 1.64 (1.11:2.43 1.27 (0.85:1.91)
Skilled manual 1.74 (1.36:2.10) 1.61 (1.25:2.09) 1.77 (1.38:2.28) 1.61 (1.26:2.05) 0.99 (0.74:1.33) 3.25 (2.43:4.35) 3.09 (2.26:4.22) 3.20 (2.36:4.33) 3.12 (2.33:4.18) 1.59 (1.10:2.30)
Non-skilled manual 1.79 (1.42:2.26) 1.70 (1.32:2.18) 1.82 (1.42:2.33) 1.58 (1.25:2.00) 1.05 (0.79:1.39) 3.34 (2.53:4.40) 2.88 (2.14:3.88) 3.01 (2.25:4.01) 3.00 (2.27:3.97) 1.76 (1.24:2.48)
Age 1.02 (1.01:1.02) 1.02 (1.01:1.02) 1.02 (1.01:1.02) 1.02 (1.01:1.02) 1.02 (1.01:1.03) 1.03 (1.03:1.04) 1.03 (1.02:1.04) 1.04 (1.03:1.04) 1.04 (1.03:1.04) 1.04 (1.03:1.04)
Phys. & mental symptoms   1.57 (1.46:1.68)      1.41 (1.29:1.54)    
Low mental well-being    1.35 (1.26:1.44)      1.26 (1.06:1.50)   
Job strain     1.88 (1.54:2.29)      2.21 (1.68:2.92)  
Heavy lifting      1.15 (1.04:1.27)      1.16 (1.00:1.32)
Awkward working postures      1.20 (1.09:1.31)      1.28 (1.12:1.47)
  1. Odds ratios (OR) with 95% Confidence intervals (CI) adjusted for age are presented in Model 1. The explanatory effect of physical and mental symptoms is examined in Model 2, of mental well-being in Model 3, of mental work environment (i.e. job strain) in Model 4, and of physical work environment in Model 5.