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Table 9 Prevalence rates of low height-for-age and anemia in indigenous children < 60 months, proportion of children with reported hospitalization during the previous year, proportions of reported hospitalization due to diarrhea and acute respiratory infection and proportion with reported diarrhea during the previous week, by region, First National Survey of Indigenous People’s Health and Nutrition, Brazil, 2008-2009

From: The First National Survey of Indigenous People’s Health and Nutrition in Brazil: rationale, methodology, and overview of results

Characteristics studied All regions Region
  North Central-West Northeast South/Southeast
Low height-for-age 1 n = 6011 n = 2539 n = 1277 n = 1331 n = 864
25.7% 40.8% 27.6% 13.9% 22.3%
  CI:21.8-30.0 CI:35.7-46.2 CI:20.4-36.1 CI:10.3-18.6 CI:14.2-33.3
Anemia 2 n = 5397 n = 2280 n = 1141 n = 1211 n = 765
51.2% 66.4% 51.5% 41.1% 48.0%
  CI:47.9-54.6 CI:61.6-70.9 CI:45.7-57.3 CI:34.4-48.0 CI:40.6-55.4
Hospitalized during prior year n = 6087 n = 2555 n = 1298 n = 1352 n = 882
19.3% 16.9% 27.3% 14.0% 19.2%
  CI:16.6-22.3 CI:12.2-22.9 CI:22.2-33.1 CI:11.0-17.6 CI:15.2-24.0
With at least one hospitalization due to diarrhea during prior year n = 1117 n = 426 n = 347 n = 181 n = 163
37.2% 48.4% 43.5% 24.8% 29.8%
  CI:32.5-42.1 CI:39.9-56.9 CI:36.6-50.7 CI:16.7-35.3 CI:21.9-39.1
With at least one hospitalization due to acute respiratory infection during prior year n = 1115 n = 425 n = 348 n = 180 n = 162
47.6% 54.4% 40.4% 35.6% 58.4%
  CI:41.8-53.5 CI:45.2-63.2 CI:33.0-48.1 CI:27.6-44.4 CI:43.6-71.8
With diarrhea during the prior week n = 6068 n = 2546 n = 1298 n = 1347 n = 877
23.6% 38.1% 21.4% 19.4% 17.8%
  CI:20.9-26.4 CI:34.6-41.8 CI:18.6-24.4 CI:14.9-24.9 CI:12.8-24.2
  1. CI: 95% confidence interval.
  2. 1 Low height-for-age according to WHO standards [52].
  3. 2 Hemoglobin concentration < 11.0 mg/dL in children > 6 months of age [53].