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Table 2 Least detectable hazard ratios (for fractures and diabetes) or odds ratios (for BMI) of outcome related to 1 SD difference in 25(OH)D3 for a sample size of 1000 cases and 1000 controls

From: The influence of early exposure to vitamin D for development of diseases later in life

Least detectable Hazard (HR) or Odds rate (OR) ratios related to 1 SD difference in 25(OH)D3 1000 cases (obesity, diabetes or fractures) and 1000 time- and gender-matched controls
  No covariates 30% variance explained 60% variance explained
OR ratio 1.13 1.16 1.22
HR ratio 1.09 1.11 1.15