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Table 1 Strategies and resources identified by participants to cope with being an international migrant to Canada 1

From: Developing population interventions with migrant women for maternal-child health: a focused ethnography

Coping strategies
Developing/drawing on skills Living with emotional state
• Advancing own education • Living with emotional distress
• Learning language • Living with emotional wellbeing
• Managing resources strategically  
• Parenting Using relational strategies (formal and informal)
  • Developing/maintaining relationships
Seeking health care • Helping others
• Seeking formal health care • Interacting with professional staff
• Seeking informal healthcare • Social networking
  • Venting
Using internal strategies Drawing on other strategies
• Appreciating the Canadian social context • Obtaining permanent residency (PR)
• Attending church • Preserving one’s culture
• Dealing with a difficulty on your own • Seeking advice/information
• Improving self-awareness • Seeking tangible resources
• Praying  
• Withdrawing  
Coping resources
Dispositional Skills
• Attitude towards others • Child behaviour management skills
• Being discerning • Information-seeking abilities
• Determination • Host country language
• Optimism  
• Prior experience Social
• Self confidence • Friendship
• Spirituality/faith/God • Kinship Perception of belonging
• Vigilance • Perception of belonging
Health Tangible resources
• Emotional health • Education
• Physical health • Employment
  • Food/housing/money/clothing/car
  • Permanent resident status/citizenship
  1. 1see Additional file 2 for definitions.