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Table 3 Results of hierarchical regression analysis with demographic factors and exposure to trauma as independent variables and Disability (Moderate-to-severe disability) as the dependent variable

From: Disability associated with exposure to traumatic events: results from a cross-sectional community survey in South Sudan

  Step 1:Socio-demographic variables. Adjusted odds ratio [95% CI] Step 2: Socio-demographic variables and exposure to traumatic events. Adjusted odds ratio [95% CI]
  Male Female Male Female
Age (years)
  18–25 1 1 1 1
  26–35 0.690 (0.290–1.645) 1.791 (0.619–2.181) 0.693 (0.276–1.738) 1.953 (0.645–2.910)
  36–50 1.490 (0.562–3.949) 1.138 (0.370–3.497) 1.876 (0.670–5.253) 1.274 (0.395–4.109)
  >50 4.067 (1.228–6.469)* 5.824 (2.228–7.068)* 6.217 (1.709–8.615)* 7.930 (3.441–8.657)*
Marital status
  Single 1 1 1 1
  Married (one wife) 0.698 (0.296–1.643) 1.735 (0.426–3.070) 0.620 (0.256–1.503) 1.480 (0357–4.141)
  No longer married 0.601 (0.067–5.398) 4.651 (2.311–5.735)* 0.855 (0.094–5.808) 5.194 (0.973–6.725)
  Living in polygamous marriage 3.031 (1.129–5.035)* 3.321 (2.460–4.360)* 2.502 (1.890–6.032)* 5.029 (3.132–5.347)*
Employment
  Paid work 1 1 1 1
  Self-employed 1.204 (0.537–2.699) 1.192 (0.398–3.572) 1.426 (0.623–3.262) 1.275 (0.403–3.034)
  Student 3.842 (1.281–5.519)* 1.329 (0.199–3.861) 3.558 (1.138–4.120)* 0.533 (0.134–2.298)
  Non paid work 3.315 (1.028–4.693)* 0.465 (0.119–1.821) 3.017 (0.878–4.370) 1.189 (0.301–2.701)
  Unemployed 3.863 (1.148–8.998)* 1.405 (0.382–5.160) 3.320 (0.901–9.234) 1.378 (0.614–3.093)
Household income
  >350 1 1 1 1
  200–350 0.684 (0.318-1.473) 1.261(0.395-4.019) 0.692 (0.318–1.506) 1.120 (0.342–1.661)
  75–200 1.240 (0.460–3.338) 2.945 (0.575–4.080) 1.217 (0.436–3.398) 3.315 (0.620–4.717)
  <75 1.409 (0.333–5.967) 0.000 1.486 (0.309–6.151) 0.000
Returnee
  No 1 1 1 1
  Yes 0.925 (0.513–1.669) 0.925 (0.513–1.669) 0.657 (0.345–1.252) 1.378 (0.614–3.093)
Trauma exposure during the war>8 #
  No    1 1
  Yes    3.243 (1.228–4.097)* 3.998 (1.744–5.161)*
Trauma exposure after the Peace Agreement > 4
  No    1 1
  Yes    4.800 (1.769–8.164)* 1.472 (0.538–3.026)
  1. *p < 0.05.
  2. # Range of traumatic events: 0–16.
  3. ¤ Range of traumatic events: 0–8.
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