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Table 3 Adjusted association of cardiovascular (CVD) incidence, CVD-specific, and all-cause death (1993–2005; n = 20,308)

From: Self-perceived physical health predicts cardiovascular disease incidence and death among postmenopausal women

SF 36 Physical summary component quintile
  Q1: 0–40.1 (n = 4062) Q2: 40.2 - 48.3 (n = 4061) Q3: 48.4 - 52.6 (n = 4058) Q4: 52.7 - 55.9 (n = 4066) Q5: 56–75 (n = 4061)  
Events/N HR (95% CI) HR (95% CI) HR (95% CI) HR (95% CI) Ref p-value
CVD incidence a 1075/16994 1.80 (1.43, 2.27) 1.57(1.25, 1.96) 1.09(0.86, 1.37) 1.25(0.99, 1.56) 1.00 <0.0001
CVD death a 204/16994 4.66 (2.31, 9.43) 3.53 (1.75, 7.11) 3.05 (1.50, 6.19) 2.97 (1.45, 6.07) 1.00 0.0007
All-cause death a b 1043/20308 2.14 (1.68, 2.73) 1.63 (1.29, 2.07) 1.44 (1.13, 1.84) 1.18 (0.92, 1.53) 1.00 <0.0001
SF 36 Mental summary component quintile
  Q1: 0 – 48.0 (n = 4061) Q2: 48.1 – 54.0 (n = 4063) Q3: 54.1 – 57.0 (n = 4061) Q4: 57.1 – 59.3 (n = 4065) Q5: 59.4 - 75 (n = 4058)  
Events/N HR (95% CI) HR (95% CI) HR (95% CI) HR (95% CI) Ref p-value
CVD incidence a 1075/16994 0.96 (0.80, 1.17) 0.93 (0.77, 1.16) 0.82 (0.68, 0.99) 0.99 (0.82, 1.20) 1.00 0.29
CVD death a 204/16994 1.33 (0.90, 1.95) 0.63 (0.39, 1.01) 0.76 (0.48, 1.19) 0.87 (0.56, 1.35) 1.00 0.02
All-cause death a b 1043/20308 1.10 (0.91, 1.32) 0.93 (0.77, 1.13) 0.95 (0.79, 1.16) 0.96 (0.79, 1.17) 1.00 0.46
  1. a Models were adjusted for age, ethnicity, education, marital status, body mass index, fruits and vegetables (servings/day), physical activity (MET/wk), smoking history (pack-years), alcohol consumption status, systolic and diastolic blood pressure (mmHg), medication for hypertension or cholesterol, and diabetes, Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (asthma and emphysema), arthritis, cancer at baseline, mental component summary (when physical component summary was the exposure), and physical component summary (when mental component summary was the exposure).
  2. b Also adjusted for CVD at baseline in addition to the variables mentioned above.