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Table 3 Percent distribution of respondents’ beliefs about knowledge on HIV/AIDS transmission in Nigeria

From: HIV/AIDS stigma and utilization of voluntary counselling and testing in Nigeria

Responses Percent, (n = 987)
% Aware of HIV/AIDS1 94.9 (937)
% Aware of HIV prevention2 84.2 (832)
Mentioned Prevention Methods  
Fidelity 66.9 (661)
Condom use 52.2 (516)
Sexual abstinence 46.2 (456)
Avoid sex with prostitutes 36.4 (359)
Avoid sex with one with many partners 20.7 (204)
Avoid sex with multi-partners 18.6 (184)
Avoid sex with homosexuals 18.6 (184)
Avoid sex with drug users 8.2 (81)
Non-sexual methods of prevention  
Avoid sharing sharp instruments 60.6 (599)
Avoid blood transfusion 34.0 (336)
Avoid kissing 14.2 (140)
Avoid injection 9.1 (90)
Avoid mosquito bites 9.6 (95)
Seek protection from traditional healers 2.7 (27)
Other HIV-related Beliefs  
% Chances of reducing HIV infection by sticking to one partner 59.9 (592)
% HIV can be gotten from mosquito bites 23.1 (228)
% One can get HIV by sharing food with a person infected with AIDS 18.5 (183)
% Reduce chances of infection by using condoms every time sex is had 59.9 (592)
% Healthy-looking person can be HIV positive 78.7 (778)
% Aware of persons living with HIV/AIDS 45.5 (449)
% Aware of mother-to-child transmission of HIV 84.5 (835)
% Mother-to-child transmission during pregnancy 86.0 (850)
% Mother-to-child transmission during delivery 56.2 (555)
% Mother-to-child transmission during breastfeeding 65.7 (649)
% Ever discussed HIV prevention with partner 61.3 (606).
  1. 1Percentage of respondents who reported they were aware of HIV/AIDS.
  2. 2Percentage of respondents who reported awareness of mode of HIV transmission and prevention.