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Table 3 Association between acceptance of cervical cancer screening, sociodemographic status of the respondents, cervical cancer awareness, self-risk assessment and history of previous cervical cancer screening (n = 1517)

From: Willingness and acceptability of cervical cancer screening among HIV positive Nigerian women

Variables Accepted cervical cancer screening 95% CI Crude OR 95% CI Adjusted OR
  Yes (%) No (%)   
Age (years)     
· Less than 25 54(4.5) 12(3.9) 0.89(0.46-1.71) 0.87(0.46-1.68)
· 25-34 572(47.3) 149(48.5) 1 (ref) 1 (ref)
· ≥ 35 584(48.2) 146(47.6) 1.04(0.81-1.35) 1.04(0.80-1.34)
Tribal Group     
· Yoruba 414(34.2) 109(35.5) 1.01(0.84-1.48) 1.10(0.49-2.48)
· Igbo 505(41.7) 127(41.4) 1 (ref) 1 (ref)
· Northern Tribes 113(9.3) 23(7.5) 0.97(0.66-1.40) 0.97(0.67-1.42)
· Southern Minority Tribes 176(14.5) 46(15.0) 0.71(0.36-1.40) 0.78(0.29-2.08)
Religion     
· Christianity 676(55.9) 173(56.4) 1 (ref) 1 (ref)
· Islam 532(44.0) 132(43.0) 0.99(0.77-1.27) 0.93(0.68-1.28)
· Others 3(0.1) 1(0.3)   
Educational level completed     
· Less than Secondary 206(17.0) 54(17.6) 1.31(0.87-1.87) 1.20(0.83-1.80)
· Secondary 605(50.0) 171(55.7) 1 (ref) 1 (ref)
· Greater than Secondary 399(33.0) 82(26.7) 1.43(1.03-1.84) 1.31(1.02-1.83)a
Marital status     
· Married 725(59.9) 198(64.5) 1 (ref) 1 (ref)
· Not married 485(40.1) 109(35.5) 0.82(0.63-1.07) 0.90(0.68-1.18)
Living children     
· Yes 875(72.3) 243(79.2) 1 (ref) 1 (ref)
· No 335(27.7) 64(20.8) 1.45(1.06-1.99) 1.62(1.31-1.89) b
Duration of HIV disease     
· <13 months 318(26.3) 99(32.2) 1.49(1.11-2.02) 1.50(1.1-1.98)c
· 13-36 months 331(27.4) 91(29.6) 1 (ref) 1 (ref)
· ≥13 months 561(46.4) 1179(38.1) 1.32(0.97-1.79) 1.31(0.97-1.78)
Aware of cervical cancer     
· Yes 706(58.3) 147(47.9) 1.53(1.19-1.96) 1.49(1.15-1.95)d
· No 504(41.7) 160(52.1) 1 (ref) 1 (ref)
Ever tested for cervical cancer     
· Yes 118(9.8) 25(8.1) 1.22(0.78-1.91) 1.23(0.71-1.22)
· No 1092(90.2) 282(91.9) 1 (ref) 1 (ref)
Self-risk assessment of cervical cancer     
· High 381(31.5) 102(33.2) 1 (ref) 1 (ref)
· Low 829(68.5) 205(66.8) 1.08(0.82-1.43) 1.10(0.93-1.39)
· None 0(0.00) 0(0.00)   
  1. Note: Potential confounders adjusted at multivariate logistic regression analysis.
  2. a. Adjusted for age, time elapsed since HIV diagnosis and awareness of cervical cancer.
  3. b. Adjusted for age, marital status and time elapsed since HIV diagnosis.
  4. c. Adjusted for age, educational status, and awareness of cervical cancer.
  5. d. Adjusted for age, educational status and time elapsed since HIV diagnosis.