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Table 5 Multivariate associations between individual characteristics and not sustaining lifestyle behaviors for diabetes management, among Canadian adults age 20 years and older with type 2 diabetes who ever engaged in the lifestyle behaviors

From: Determinants of lifestyle behavior in type 2 diabetes: results of the 2011 cross-sectional survey on living with chronic diseases in Canada

  Not sustained diet change Not sustained exercise engagement Not sustained weight control Not sustained smoking cessation
  Multivariate RR Multivariate RR Multivariate RR Multivariate RR
Age     
   20-64 1 1 1 1
   65+ 0.5 (0.3, 0.6)* 0.9 (0.8, 1.1) 0.8 (0.6, 1.1) 0.9 (0.5, 1.4)
Sex     
   Female 1 1 1 1
   Male 0.7 (0.4, 1.0) 1.1 (0.9, 1.3) 0.9 (0.6, 1.1) 1.0 (0.6, 1.7)
Education     
   Post-secondary graduate 1 1 1 1
   Some post-secondary 1.1 (0.6, 2.0) 1.0 (0.7, 1.5) 1.0 (0.6, 1.6) 1.9 (0.8, 4.6)
   Secondary graduate 0.9 (0.5, 1.5) 0.9 (0.7, 1.2) 1.2 (0.8, 1.7) 0.9 (0.4, 1.7)
   < Secondary 1.0 (0.7, 1.6) 1.2 (1.0, 1.5) 1.0 (0.7, 1.4) 1.0 (0.6, 1.7)
Income     
   ≥ $80,000 1 1 1 1
   $50,000-$79,999 1.4 (0.8, 2.5) 1.3 (0.9, 1.8) 1.1 (0.7, 1.7) 1.0 (0.4, 2.4)
   $30,000-$49,000 0.7 (0.4, 1.2) 1.2 (0.9, 1.7) 0.8 (0.5, 1.3) 0.8, 0.3, 2.2)
   $15,000-$29,999 1.1 (0.6, 2.1) 1.0 (0.7, 1.3) 1.0 (0.6, 1.7) 1.2 (0.5, 3.1)
   <$15,000 1.0 (0.5, 2.2) 1.0 (0.6, 1.5) 0.8 (0.4, 1.6) 1.0 (0.3, 3.1)
Time since diagnosis     
   < 2 years 1 1 1 1
   3–5 years 1.6 (0.9, 3.0) 1.0 (0.7, 1.4) 1.2 (0.8, 2.0) 3.2 (0.8, 12.8)
   6+ years 2.0 (1.2, 3.4)* 1.1 (0.9, 1.4) 1.8 (1.2, 2.6)* 3.8 (1.0, 13.9)*
Ethnicity     
   White 1 1 1 1
   Aboriginal off-reserve 1.4 (0.6, 3.2) 0.7 (0.4, 1.2) 1.3 (0.6, 2.6) 1.2 (0.2, 5.8)
   Other 1.2 (0.6, 2.7) 0.8 (0.5, 1.4) 0.9 (0.5, 1.8) 0.6 (0.1, 5.1)
Married/common-law     
   No 1 1 1 1
   Yes 1.1 (0.7, 1.7) 0.9 (0.8, 1.1) 1.1 (0.8, 1.5) 1.3 (0.7, 2.4)
Region     
   Rural 1 1 1 1
   Urban 0.8 (0.5, 1.3) 1.0 (0.8, 1.2) 0.9 (0.7, 1.3) 1.4 (0.6, 3.0)
Advice for behavior provided     
   Yes 1 1 1 1
   No 0.7 (0.5, 1.1) 1.2 (1.0, 1.5)* 0.3 (0.2, 0.5)* 0.5 (0.1, 1.8)
  1. *Significant estimates (p<0.05).