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Table 2 Frequency of self-management behaviors among Canadian adults age 20 years and older living with type 2 diabetes following diagnosis

From: Determinants of lifestyle behavior in type 2 diabetes: results of the 2011 cross-sectional survey on living with chronic diseases in Canada

Frequency of behavior Overall
  N % (95%CI)
Diet    
   All the time 952 37.0 (34.0, 40.1)
   Most of the time 1112 38.1 (35.0, 41.2)
   Some of the time 255 12.2 (9.8, 14.6)
   Already doing so for other reasons* 62 2.3† (1.4, 3.2)
   No longer does so  
   Never did so 279 10.1 (8.3, 12.0)
Exercise or physical activities    
   All the time 505 18.0 (15.6, 20.4)
   Most of the time 573 22.8 (20.0, 25.7)
   Some of the time 349 13.0 (10.8, 15.3)
   Already doing so for other reasons* 424 15.6 (13.1, 18.1)
   No longer does so 63 2.8 E (1.7, 4.0)
   Never did so 762 27.6 (25.0, 30.3)
Control or lose weight
   Achieved/maintained goal weight 1017 39.8 (36.6, 42.9)
   Still trying to control/lose weight 421 14.7 (12.4, 17.0)
   Already doing so for other reasons* 43 1.1† (0.6, 1.6)
   Not doing so because already a healthy weight 461 16.5 (14.1, 19.0)
   No longer does so 503 20.2 (17.5, 22.9)
   Never did so 217 7.7 (5.9, 9.5)
Quit smoking (Among smokers, n= 626)
   Quit smoking, sustained 190 30.6 (24.5, 36.5)
   Quit smoking, started again 99 18.9 (13.4, 24.4)
   Never quit smoking 334 50.5 (43.8, 57.2)
Limits alcohol consumption (among those who reported drinking more than 9 drinks per week for women or 14 drinks per week for men since diagnosis n=191)
   All the time 49 17.7† (9.1, 26.3)
   Most of the time 39 25.1 † (13.3, 37.0)
   Some of the time  
   No longer does so 0 0  
   Never did so 91 45.7 (32.3, 59.1)
  1. †- Interpret with caution (coefficient of variation 16.6% to 33.3%).
  2. ‡ - Too unreliable to be reported (coefficient of variation > 33.3% or n<30).
  3. * Individuals who reported never or no longer engaging in the behaviour for diabetes management were asked to specify the reason for not doing so. These individuals reported that they were already engaging in the behaviour for other reasons beyond diabetes management.