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Table 1 Characteristics of men in the 45 and Up study who reported ever having a faecal occult blood test (FOBT), prostate specific antigen (PSA) test, both tests, or neither test in the previous 2 years

From: Sociodemographic and health-related predictors of self-reported mammogram, faecal occult blood test and prostate specific antigen test use in a large Australian study

  n (%)1 % FOBT only % PSA test only % Both tests % Neither test
Total n 82,648 (100) 5.9 44.9 18.7 30.6
Age      
50-59 32102 (38.8) 7.1 40.3 16.7 35.9
60-69 27572 (33.4) 5.6 47.6 24.0 22.8
70+ 22974 (27.8) 4.8 47.7 14.9 32.5
Family history of cancer      
Bowel 9449 (11.4) 6.4 46.3 17.6 29.7
Prostate 7173 (8.7) 4.5 50.4 23.0 22.1
Bowel and Prostate 1421 (1.7) 5.4 49.6 20.7 24.3
Other Cancer 15816 (19.1) 6.4 44.3 19.6 29.7
None 48789 (59.0) 5.9 43.8 17.8 32.4
Place of residence*      
Major City 38086 (46.1) 5.2 46.0 16.4 32.4
Inner Region 28464 (34.4) 6.3 44.5 20.5 28.7
Outer Region 14498 (17.5) 7.2 42.3 21.4 29.2
Remote or Very Remote 1535 (1.9) 4.7 46.5 14.9 33.9
Highest qualification      
No school certificate or other qualification 8876 (10.7) 4.7 45.7 13.8 35.8
School or intermediate certificate 12535 (15.2) 5.3 47.4 17.5 29.9
Higher school or leaving certificate 7932 (9.6) 5.6 44.3 16.6 33.6
Trade, apprenticeship, certificate or diploma 31105 (37.6) 5.9 45.7 19.4 29.0
University degree or higher 20849 (25.2) 7.1 42.0 21.4 29.5
Employment status      
Full time work 22345 (27.0) 6.7 42.8 17.5 33.0
Part time work 5873 (7.1) 6.5 44.3 20.0 29.3
Self employed 11526 (14.0) 5.9 45.1 18.1 30.8
Partially retired 3935 (4.8) 5.9 46.1 23.4 24.6
Fully retired 32971 (39.9) 5.4 46.5 20.2 27.9
Unemployed 1529 (1.9) 6.3 37.8 9.2 46.6
Unpaid work 646 (0.8) 6.2 45.2 15.2 33.4
Looking after home/family 394 (0.5) 5.8 41.9 11.7 40.6
Sick/disabled 2282 (2.8) 4.4 44.0 11.0 40.7
Other 674 (0.8) 3.9 45.6 15.7 34.9
Income ($AUD)      
Less than 5,000 982 (1.2) 4.1 43.0 8.3 44.7
5,000-9,000 2953 (3.6) 5.2 43.8 9.2 41.8
10,000-19,000 11543 (14.0) 5.0 45.4 14.1 35.5
20,000-29,000 8545 (10.3) 5.8 46.2 18.4 29.5
30,000-39,000 7231 (8.8) 6.4 44.8 21.5 27.4
40,000-49,000 6745 (8.2) 6.0 44.2 21.7 28.2
50,000-69,000 9695 (11.7) 6.4 44.6 21.9 27.2
70,000 or more 22676 (27.4) 6.9 44.1 20.7 28.3
Prefer not to answer 10331 (12.5) 4.8 46.0 17.4 31.9
Health insurance status      
Health care concession card 14022 (17.0) 5.0 43.5 14.1 37.5
Department of Veterans’ Affairs card 1832 (2.2) 5.1 42.3 12.1 40.6
Private health insurance without extras 41033 (49.7) 6.2 46.6 22.0 25.3
Private health insurance with extras 12142 (14.7) 6.0 46.1 20.2 27.6
No concession card or health Insurance 12141 (14.7) 6.4 40.3 12.8 40.5
Married or living with a partner      
No 15150 (18.3) 5.7 40.9 13.4 40.0
Yes 66802 (80.8) 6.0 45.7 19.9 28.5
Non-English language spoken at home      
No 73979 (89.5) 6.1 44.8 19.7 29.3
Yes 8667 (10.5) 4.2 44.9 9.5 41.4
Been treated by a doctor in the past month §      
No 38102 (46.1) 6.5 41.5 18.5 33.5
Yes 35939 (43.5) 5.4 48.4 19.6 26.7
Country of birth      
Australia 59373 (71.8) 6.2 45.5 20.3 28.1
Other English speaking country 11214 (13.6) 6.4 41.2 17.8 34.6
Non-English speaking country 11222 (13.6) 4.3 45.4 11.0 39.2
Need help with daily tasks due to illness or disability      
No 76255 (92.3) 6.1 44.8 19.5 30.0
Yes 3761 (4.6) 4.3 43.8 11.9 40.0
Psychological distress Level      
Well 67398 (81.6) 6.1 44.7 19.7 29.5
Mild 3994 (4.8) 6.0 43.9 16.3 33.9
Moderate 1294 (1.6) 5.0 45.4 14.4 35.2
Severe 1243 (1.5) 5.2 41.8 12.6 40.5
  1. 1 Missing data for each covariate has been omitted for the sake of brevity.
  2. * Using the mean Accessibility/Remoteness Index of Australia (ARIA+).
  3. † Pre-tax annual household income from all sources.
  4. §Treated for heart attack, other heart disease, high blood pressure, high blood cholesterol, blood clotting problems, asthma, osteoarthritis, thyroid problems, osteoporosis/low bone density, depression, or anxiety.