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Table 1 Characteristics of the total sample of TB patients and sub-sample of TB patients on ART

From: Predictors of tuberculosis (TB) and antiretroviral (ARV) medication non-adherence in public primary care patients in South Africa: a cross sectional study

Socio-demographics Total TB patients (N = 3107) Total TB-ART patients (N = 757)
  N (%) N (%)
Age 18–24 416 (13.5) 65 (8.7)
Age 25–34 1160 (37.7) 283 (37.8)
Age 35–44 861 (28.0) 252 (33.7)
Age 45 and older 639 (20.8) 148 (19.8)
Missing N 31 9
Female 1427 (46.5) 387 (51.7)
Male 1639 (53.5) 362 (48.3)
Missing N 41 8
Grade 7 or less 774 (25.2) 234 (31.5)
Grade 8–11 1415 (16.1) 330 (44.4)
Grade 12 or more 881 (28.7) 179 (24.1)
Missing N 37 14
Poverty low 1052 (35.5) 173 (24.4)
Poverty medium 1484 (50.1) 377 (53.1)
Poverty high 427 (14.4) 160 (22.5)
Missing N 144 47
Health variables
Perceived health status
Excellent/Very good 573 (18.6) 217 (28.8)
Good 1089 (35.3) 231 (30.2)
Fair/Poor 1423 (46.1) 305 (40.5)
Unknown N 22 4
TB retreatment patient 671 (21.8) 224 (30.0)
New TB patient 2408 (78.2) 523 (70.0)
Unknown N 28 10
HIV positive 1729 (55.9)  
HIV negative 1073 (34.5)  
HIV unknown status 305 (9.8)  
Chronic conditions
Zero 1983 (72.5) 422 (65.7)
One 443 (16.2) 112 (17.4)
Two 194 (7.1) 60 (9.3)
Three or more 117 (4.3) 48 (7.5)
Unknown N 370 115
Severe psychological distress (K ≥ 30) 776 (25.0) 208 (27.5)
Alcohol: low risk (AUDIT 0–7) 2392 (78.0) 599 (80.0)
Medium (AUDIT 8–19) 504 (16.4) 119 (15.9)
High (AUDIT 20–40) 172 (5.6) 31 (4.1)
Unknown N 39 8
Current tobacco use 799 (26.2) 203 (27.4)
Partner HIV negative/unknown 2061 (71.6) 436 (61.8)
Partner HIV positive 818 (28.4) 269 (38.2)
Unknown/missing N 228 (7.3) 52 (6.9)
Sex partner on ART 300 (11.8) 355 (48.8)
TB non-adherence 812 (26.1) 315 (41.6)
ART non adherence   321 (42.4)