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Table 2 Chronic complication of diabetes in North Africa 1995-2012

From: Prevalence and complications of diabetes mellitus in Northern Africa, a systematic review

Complication Author (year) Location Sample Setting Type of Diabetes Prevalence % (95% CI)
Retinopathy Macky 2011 [19] Egypt 1325 hospital outpatient clinic Mixed 20.5 (16.3-26.4)
  Herman 1998 [20] Egypt 1451 outpatients clinic Mixed 41.5 (35.8-47.2)
  Hamed 2008 [21] Egypt 8O hospital inpatient clinic Mixed 20
  Kadiki 1999 [22] Egypt 960 hospital outpatient clinic Type 2 30.5
  Emahdi 1991 [23] Sudan 413 hospital inpatient clinic Type 2 17.4
  Elbagir 1995 [24] Sudan 91 hospital outpatient clinic Mixed 43
  Harzallah 2006 [26] Tunisia 370 hospital inpatient and outpatient clinic Mixed 8.1
  Ayed(1993) [27] Tunisia 400 Hospital outpatient clinic Mixed 37.5
Albuminuria Herman 1998 [20] Egypt 1451 outpatient clinic Mixed 21.0 (15.4-26.5)
  Elbagir 1995 [24] Sudan 128 Hospital outpatient clinic Mixed Proteinuria: 22
Nephropathy Herman 1998 [20] Egypt 1451 outpatient clinic Mixed 6.7 (3.3-7.0)
  Hamed 2008 [21] Egypt 80 Hospital inpatient clinics Mixed 46.3
  Kadiki 1999 [22] Libya 960 Hospital outpatient clinics Type 2 25.2
  Elmahdi 1991 [23] Sudan 413 hospital inpatient clinic Type 2 9.2
  Harzallah 2006 [26] Tunisia 370 hospital inpatient and outpatient CliniC Mixed 13.1
Neuropathy Herman 1998 [20] Egypt 1451 outpatient clinic Mixed 21.9 (17.7-26 0)
  Hamed 2008 [21] Egypt SO hospital inpatient Mixed 60
  Kadiki [22] Libya 960 hospital outpatient Type 2 45 7
  Elmadi 1991 [23] Sudan 413 hospital inpatient Type 2 31.5
  Elmagir.199S [24] Sudan 128 hospital outpatient Mixed 36.7
  Ahmed 1993 [25] Sudan 120 hospital inpatient Mixed 40.0
  Harzallah 2006 [26] Tunisia 370 hospital inpatient and outpatient clinic Mixed 24.3